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Per Ditlef Fredriksen

Associate Professor - Archaeology
Image of Per Ditlef Fredriksen
Norwegian version of this page
Phone +47-22841911
Mobile phone +47-91126749
Fax +47-22841901
Room 139
Visiting address IAKH Arkeologiseksjonen Blindernveien 11 0371 Oslo
Postal address Postboks 1008 Blindern 0316 OSLO

Academic interests

My two primary research fields are the late prehistory (Late Iron Age) and historical archaeology of southern Africa and the Nordic Early Iron Age. Common foci in both parts of the world are ceramics and its links to metalworking, technological development, and theory/methodology in archaeology. Interests also include archaeologies of the contemporary, critical heritage studies and the relationship between anthropology and archaeology. In addition to excavations and analysis of archaeological material in Norway, South Africa and Zimbabwe I have also conducted several anthropological field studies in Mozambique, Botswana and South Africa.

Collaborative projects

Since April 2011 I have been a Honorary Research Associate at Department of Archaeology, University of Cape Town, see

I am the project manager for Historical Ecology and State Formation in the Shashi-Limpopo Region in Southern Africa: A Cross-Disciplinary Approach. The project is a collaboration between UiO and University of Cape Town, and is supported by the Research Council of Norway (RCN) in the period 2014-2017.

I am part of several collaborative projects, including Technology beyond History. A Comparative Study of Iron Age Innovation and Collapse together with Professor in Archaeology Elna Siv Kristoffersen and Associate Professor in geology Udo Zimmermann, both at Universitetet i Stavanger.

I am also actively involved in Death, Materiality and the Origins of Time together with colleagues within anthropology and archaeology, both at UiO and internationally. See 


Cand. Philol. in archaeology at University of Bergen (UiB) 2002. In 2000-2005 I participated in several long-term excavation projects at Museum of Cultural History (KHM), UiO and NTNU University Museum in Trondheim, in addition to various excavations and projects in France, South Africa and Mozambique. In 2005-2009 I held a RCN-funded PhD grant at Unifob Global (now named UiB Global) and AHKR at UiB. PhD in archaeology at UiB 2009.

I taught in diverse courses at BA and MA level at AHKR, UiB in 2006-2008, and in 2008 I worked as Lecturer in Archaeology at IAKH for 6 months. In 2009 I returned to a deputy position at IAKH, this time as Senior Lecturer in Archaeology. I have held the position as Associate Professor in Archaeology at IAKH since 2010.

In 2013-2014 I was teaching coordinator for archaeology. I am currently Head of Archaeology Group at IAKH (since January 2015).


Tags: Archaeology, Iron Age, Southern African Archaeology, Theory, Method, Ethnoarchaeology, Critical Heritage Studies


  • Jopela, Albino & Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2015). Public archaeology, knowledge meetings and heritage ethics in southern Africa: an approach from Mozambique. World archaeology.  ISSN 0043-8243. . doi:
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef & Amundsen, Marie (2014). Når stedsbånd veves og løses opp. En sosial kronologi for bosetningen av Kalvebeitet i indre Sogn i yngre romertid og folkevandringstid. Viking.  ISSN 0332-608X.  LXXVII, s 79- 104
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef; Kristoffersen, Siv & Zimmermann, Udo (2014). Innovation and Collapse: Bucket-Shaped Pottery and Metalwork in the Terminal Migration Period. Norwegian Archaeological Review.  ISSN 0029-3652.  47(2), s 119- 140 . doi: 10.1080/00293652.2014.945476
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2011). When knowledges meet: Engagements with clay and soil in southern Africa. Journal of Social Archaeology.  ISSN 1469-6053.  11(3), s 283- 310 . doi: 10.1177/1469605311403852
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2009). Kvifor sprakk karet? Keramisk handverk som strategiar for problemløysing innan ein termodynamisk filosofi i det sørlege Afrika. Oslo Arkeologiske Serie - Oslo Archaeological Series (OAS).  ISSN 1503-4089.  12, s 85- 110
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2007). Approaching intimacy: interpretations of changes in Moloko household space. South African Archaeological Bulletin.  ISSN 0038-1969.  62(186), s 126- 139
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2006). Two graves - three metaphors. Changing gender identities in the Migration Period illustrated by graves from Hardanger, western Norway, In Randi Barndon; Sonja Marie Innselset; Kari Klæboe Kristoffersen & Trond Lødøen (ed.),  Samfunn, symboler og identitet - Festskrift til Gro Mandt på 70-årsdagen.  Arkeologisk institutt, Universitetet i Bergen.  ISBN 82-90273-81-9.  artikkel.  s 271 - 282
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2006). Moving closer to the fire heat transformations and bucket-shaped pots in burials. Norwegian Archaeological Review.  ISSN 0029-3652.  39(2), s 126- 137 . doi: 10.1080/00293650601029893
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2005). Karet/kroppen/identiteten, I: Lars L Forsberg; Janicke Larsen & Terje Østigård (red.),  UBAS Hovedfag/Master nr. 1.  Universitetet i Bergen, Arkeologisk institutt.  ISBN 82-90273-77-0.  3.  s 187 - 310
  • Kristoffersen, Siv & Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2004). Med runer og forgylte dyr, I: Einar Østmo (red.),  Før Norge ble Norge.  Schibsted.  ISBN 82-516-2015-5.  kapittel.  s 110 - 117
  • Kristoffersen, Siv & Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2004). Med runer og forgylte dyr Poulærvitenskapelig artikkel/kapittel i bok, I: Einar Østmo (red.),  Før Norge ble Norge. Fra istid til jernalder.  Schibsted Forlagene AS.  ISBN 82-516-2015-5.  faglig_bok_forlag.  s 110 - 116

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  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2012). Material Knowledges, Thermodynamic Spaces and the Moloko Sequence of the Late Iron Age (AD 1300-1840) in Southern Africa. Archaeopress.  ISBN 9781407309798.  138 s.

View all works in Cristin

  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2015). Hva er arkeologi og hva gjør arkeologer?.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2014). Historical Ecology and State Formation in the Shashi-Limpopo Region of Southern Africa: A Cross-Disciplinary Approach.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2014). Historical ecology and state formation in the Shashi-Limpopo region of southern Africa: a cross-disciplinary approach.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2014, 20. november). Hvordan velge riktig peis?.  Aftenposten.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2014). Materiality in Passing: A Study of Spirit Mobility in Northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2014). Spiralling from Soil and Transience: An Archaeological Gaze at the Present.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2014). What counts as heritage? Archaeology, history and present pasts.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef & Chirikure, Shadreck (2014). Historical Ecology and State Formation in the Shashi-Limpopo Region of Southern Africa: A Cross-Disciplinary Approach.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef & Kristoffersen, Elna Siv (2014). Ceramic technology, death and temporality: puzzling Migration Period choices as source of theoretical reflection.
  • Prescott, Christopher & Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2014). Høyere utdanning i endring: Hvordan møter arkeologi utfordringene (... i en oppgangstid)?.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2013). Beyond static Iron Age models in southern Africa.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2013). Ceramic ethnoarchaeology: What do we learn from studying clay and potting in households?.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2013). Har Fimbulvinter og Ragnarok rot i verkelege hendingar?.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2013). Kva skjedde med keramikkhandverket i Sørvest-Noreg på 500-talet?.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef & Jopela, Albino (2013). Where different knowledges speak: Collaborative engagement in archaeological research and heritage management in two southern African border zones.
  • Kristoffersen, Siv & Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2013). From innovation to collapse. Archaeometric analyses of Migration Period bucket-shaped pottery from Southwest Norway.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2012). Ingen grunn til begeistring? Då straumen kom til Phondwane i KwaZulu-Natal, Sør-Afrika. Nicolay: Arkeologisk tidsskrift.  ISSN 0332-8937.  2(117), s 51- 60
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2012). Leire-ild-kar. Keramikkfylket Rogaland.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2012). Når kunnskap om keramikk møtest: erfaringar frå forsking og undervisning ved UiO.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2012). Når kunnskapar møtest: frå leire til kar. Frá haug ok heiðni.  ISSN 0015-9255.  (1), s 29- 32
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2012). What kind of cosmopolitanism? Knowing earth and moving soul in a southern African border zone.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2011). Kva er arkeologi og kva gjer arkeologar?.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2011). Kvifor skal vi bry oss med desse gamle gravene, eigentleg? Ei arkeologisk reise gjennom liv og død i jernalderen.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2011). Tsodilo Hills: Copper Bracelet of the Kalahari. Journal of African Archaeology.  ISSN 1612-1651.  9(1), s 101- 102 . doi: 10.3213/1612-1651-10175
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2011). When knowledges meet: an interdisciplinary approach to differing engagements with the material world in southern Africa.
  • Danielsen, Per Kristian & Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2010, 12. juni). Historien gjentar seg: "Jeg fant, jeg fant!".  Farsunds Avis.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2010). Change of hearths: a social chronology of practices involving fire and flames during the Later Iron Age in southern Africa.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2010). Kjønn, livsstil og dødsstil i folkevandringstid. Fortid.  ISSN 1504-1913.  (1), s 22- 26
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2010). Kva er arkeologi og kva gjer arkeologar?.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2010). Materiell kultur og Actor-Network Theory: vurdering av potensial og problem.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2010). PhD ABSTRACTS: Transformations in clay: Material knowledges, thermodynamic spaces and the Moloko sequence of the Late Iron Age (AD 1300-1840) in Southern Africa. Azania.  ISSN 0067-270X.  45(2), s 229- 230 . doi: 10.1080/0067270X.2010.491943
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2009). Clay and dangerous women. Three potters from Pongola in a comparative perspective.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2009). Kritiske blikk på det moderne: arkeologisk tenking og praksis i møte med dei Andre sine kunnskapar og rasjonalitetar.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2009). Tjobergshaugen og det maritime jernaldersamfunnet.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2009). Transformations in Clay. Material Knowledges, Thermodynamic Spaces and the Moloko Sequence of the Late Iron Age (AD 1300-1840) in Southern Africa .
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2008). What do we learn from studying clay and pottery in households? Two differing examples from southern Botswana.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2007). Cracking Pots and Spirits of Distraction: Clay and Pollution Ideas in Households.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2007). Materialitet og teknologi i ljoset frå elden: ei arkeologisk tilnærming til eld som sosial aktør.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2006). Kvifor sprakk karet? Keramisk handverk som strategiar for problemløysing innan ein ’termodynamisk filosofi’ i det sørlege Afrika.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2006). Pollution and problem-solving in household space. A comparative ethnoarchaeological and archaeological study of pottery and the ontology of gender identities in southern Africa.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2006). Pottery, pollution and problem-solving in household space. A comparative study of Tswana- and eastern Shona-speakers with some archaeological implications for the Moloko sequence.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2006). Transformasjonar i leire. Den materielle verda og sosiale identitetar i endring på Western Highveld, Sør-Afrika.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2006). Who caused the cracks? Clay, potters and spirits in Manica, Mozambique.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2005). Elevated Experiences. Towards an understanding of Moloko pottery in household space.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2004). Bokanmeldelse av Jostein Bergstøl, Arne Aleksej Perminow og Ann Christine Eek: Kulturhistorier i sentrum. Historisk museum 100 år. Primitive tider.  ISSN 1501-0430.  7, s 155- 157
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2003). Kva har føregått på Tjobergshaugen?. Kvinnheringen.
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2003). Alkohol og drikkeritual. Gjestebodet i nordeuropeisk folkevandringstid (400-520/530 e.Kr.). Riss.  (1), s 19- 28
  • Fredriksen, Per Ditlef (2003). Transformasjonar i leire.

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Published Dec 14, 2010 02:36 PM - Last modified Feb 23, 2015 08:11 AM