I 2013, og i forbindelse med 150 års jubileet for Edvard Munchs fødsel, arrangerer IAKHs konserveringsstudium en internasjonal konferanse.
Conservation Studies at the University of Oslo will celebrate the 150th anniversary of the birth of Edvard Munch (1863-1944) by hosting an international conference.
Open Guest Lecture by Professor Rosamond McKitterick
The most basic form of all for the conveyance of knowledge and migration of ideas, however, is not just the texts but the individual words. From the end of the seventh century a remarkable quantity of glossaries, dictionaries and thematic word lists from the early middle ages survives. They have received attention from philologists but the glossaries' creation, as an historical and phenomenon needs to be explained. Early medieval glossaries and glossary chrestomathies are a collective statement of cultural affiliation. They offered a bridge to the Latin past constructed from the most basic elements of the textual inheritance of the compilers, designed to enhance literate communication in the present as well as for future generations. This paper will discuss the context in which some of the earliest glossaries were compiled, with a particular focus on the work of Winithar of St Gallen in the second half of the eighth century, two or three decades before the gathering of scholars at Charlemagne's court really got underway. Winithar's curiosity and industry, zest for learning and exuberant love of words is caught in a number of codices, and with a zeal so well communicated that it underlay the pattern of book production and transmission of knowledge not just in the monastery of St Gallen, but also elsewhere in Christian Europe for the next century and a half.
Open Guest Lecture by Professor Geoffrey Koziol
The Carolingian Reform was one of the most impressive and lastingly influential programs in European history. But seeing it as such requires us to view it as much more than a top-down reform of laws, letters, and liturgy. It requires seeing Carolingian ideology as more than a tool to legitimate political and ecclesiastical authority. The Carolingian Reform created a Christian ethics that, for the first time, demanded the same ethical behavior from all members of society – this in stark contrast not only to ancient philosophical schools and mystery religions but also to late antique Christianity. In this ethics, kings and bishops were not just the rulers of society in the image of God. They were exemplars of a model of Christian individuality that made all men and women kings of themselves, responsible for their own actions.
Open Guest Lecture by Professor Leslie Brubaker
Icons and Iconoclasm are probably the words most closely associated with Byzantium in the modern mind. This is not surprising, for icons were the dominant visual medium of Orthodox Christianity already in the 7th century, and the 8th- and 9th-century Byzantine debates about the role of religious images shaped most subsequent iconoclast movements, from the English Reformation to the French Revolution and beyond. Byzantine iconoclasm was not, however, very much like any of these later movements except in one crucial respect: in all cases, the destruction or prohibition of images was a measure of their power. This lecture will consider how and why Byzantine images became so powerful that churchmen felt that they should be repressed; how this debate was framed by arguments about the relative merits of written and visual communication, which – because texts were restricted to those who were literate and had access to expensive books, while wall paintings and icons were available to all – became a contest about who could have access to God; and the paradoxical resolution that allowed (and still allows) religious portraits to be both ‘real people’ and ‘manufactured artefacts’ at one and the same time.