Conference on Peacemaking and the Restraint of Violence in Medieval Europe (1100-1300)

The Centre for Advanced Study in Oslo and the Department of Archaeology, Conservation and History at UiO will host a two-day conference on the practices and behaviours related to peacemaking and the restraint of violence in high medieval Europe.

Knight on tapestry

Harley 3244, f. 28 (London, British Library), Peraldus, Theological miscellany, including the Summa de vitiis© The British Library

Practices, Actors and Behaviour

In high medieval Europe, conflict took a number of different forms, from large-scale battles, such as disputes over crowns, power and lands, to more local disputes over inheritance and property.

In the absence of well-developed administrative structures which could limit conflict, cultural conventions, rituals and behavioural norms evolved to moderate violence within the elite community. The exchange of hostages, ransom of defeated opponents, oath-taking and creation of new bonds of friendship, all helped to re-establish stable relations between former opponents.

With peace came a change in the balance of power within a region. Relationships between adversaries were restructured and redefined as treaties were concluded and new agreements made. Peace rituals allowed the new status quo to be publicly proclaimed and understood.

By studying the restraint of violence and the imposition of peace, we can examine both the long and short term implications of conflict, and improve our understanding of how violence shaped the elite community in medieval Europe. 

Programme

22nd February 2018

10.00 - 10.20 – Arrival and Registration

10.20 - 10.30 – Welcome

10.30 - 11.15    

Hermann Kamp (Paderborn University) – The Submission of Rebellious Cities in the Roman-German Empire

11.15 - 12.00

Iain MacInnes (University of the Highlands and Islands) – ‘Be at peace with God and me’: Violence, War and Royal Responses to Insurrection in Medieval Scotland, c.1100-1286

12.00 - 13.30 – Lunch

13.30 - 14.15

Lars Kjær (New College of the Humanities) – Gift giving: ‘Surrogate Warfare’ or ‘Social Glue’?

14.15 - 15.00

Yvonne Friedman (Bar-Ilan University) – Food and Clothing in Rituals of Peacemaking in Medieval Europe and the Latin East

15.00 - 15.30 – Refreshment break

15.30 - 16.15

Betty Binysh (Cardiff University) – How Did the Crusaders’ Peace-making Strategies in Europe Compare with their Negotiations with Muslims in the Levant?

16.15 - 17.00

Harald Endre Tafjord (Volda University College) – Conflicts and the Use of Exile as a Restraint of Violence in Twelfth-Century Castile – The Conflicts Between King Alfonso VI and Rodrigo Díaz del Vivar

17.00 - 18.00 – Wine Reception

23rd February 2018

10.00 - 10.30 – Reception

10.30 - 11.15

Stephen D. White (Emory University) – Peace or Punishment in Medieval England: From 1215 to 1322​

11.15 - 12.00

Sean McGlynn (Plymouth University at Strode College) – Chivalry and the Laws of Siege Warfare: Restrictions on Violence Against Besieged Non-combatants in Twelfth and Thirteenth-Century Europe

12.00 - 13.30 – Lunch

13.30 - 14.15

Tobias Boestad (Paris-Sorbonne University) – ‘The Old Peace on which the Cross was kissed’. The Negotiation and Enforcement of the Thirteenth-Century German-Gotlandic-Russian Trade and Peace Agreements

14.15 - 15.00

Philippa Mesiano (University of Kent) – Pope Alexander IV, King Henry III and the Treaty of Paris (1259): Papal Mediation in Thirteenth Century Europe

15.00 - 15.30 – Refreshment break

15.30 - 16.15

David Brégaint (Norwegian University of Science and Technology) – God's Peace and the King's Peace in Medieval Norway

16.15 - 17.00

Auður Magnúsdóttir (University of Gothenburg) – Women, Violence and Peacemaking in Thirteenth-Century Iceland

17.00 - 17.15 – Conclusion

Contact and Practical Information

Registration is open between 12 - 26 January 2018 (extended to 28 January):

Organisers: Simon Lebouteiller and Louisa Taylor

Emneord: Conference, Middle Ages, Peace, Peacemaking, Violence, Medieval History
Publisert 18. juli 2017 14:00 - Sist endret 26. jan. 2018 09:45