Eric Hostetter and J. Rasmus Brandt
Palatine East Excavations: Architecture and Stratigraphy. Volume I
This volume presents the results of five years of systematic excavations on the northeast slope of the Palatine Hill, an area which has remained unexplored and a virtual blank on the archaeological map. Work on this site has shed light on numerous phases of construction and occupation over many centuries and, for the first time, yielded an urban narrative for this poorly understood sector of the Palatine Hill. The earliest structures unearthed include a large cistern and a series of cuniculi which are followed by Late Republican and early imperial houses and, in the age of Augustus, a monumental two-storied building, probably a portico, running north-south along the base of the Hill. Razing, likely during the reigns of Nero and the Flavians, alters the city-scape, which then, over time, appears to host insula or insula-like buildings and, on the upper slopes, a fountain complex. The latest Roman building comprises a grand domus, complete with apsidal hall and various ornately designed curvilinear chambers. Abandoned shortly after completion, walls constructed of spolia and compacted earthen floors document late occupation of the domus in the Early Medieval period. Thus, the sequence of events revealed in these excavations may now be linked to those of excavations above, on the temple terrace of Elagabalus, and below, around the Meta Sudans and the Arch of Constantine.
This, the first of three volumes on the Palatine East Excavations, offers a detailed account of the site history, geology, stratigraphy and architecture, the in situ mosaics, wall painting and graffiti, brickstamps, and recording and dating methodologies.
Contributors to the current volume are Eric Hostetter, J. Rasmus Brandt, Albert Ammerman, Archer St. Clair, Maryline Parca, Laura Flusche, Pekka Tuomisto, and J. Theodore Peña.