Research topic: Aphasia
Aphasia means difficulties with speaking, reading, writing and/or understanding language. These difficulties relate to non-genetic brain damage. Research into aphasia exists in a range of fields, such as medicine, psychology, speech and language therapy, and linguistics.
Linguistic research into aphasia informs us about language in general. At the same time this research provides important insights useful to speech and language therapists and others working directly with people affected by aphasia. This linguistic research can also be used to develop methods of assessing and treating language difficulties.
Damage to the language areas of the brain can cause aphasia. People affected by aphasia have different types of language difficulties, but all of them have problems finding words. Some also have problems stringing words together to form longer phrases, while others have difficulties understanding words and phrases.
The most usual cause of aphasia is a stroke, but aphasia may also result from other diseases such as a brain tumour or a traumatic brain injury. We estimate that in Norway approximately 15 new cases of aphasia – affecting people old and young, female and male – are diagnosed every day.
Aphasia can strike like a bolt from the blue, changing life dramatically both for the people affected and for everyone around them.