Research topic: Grammar
Languages are complex systems and language users have extensive knowledge of the formation and understanding of sentences. Elements of this subconscious awareness form the topic of our research.
The study of grammar is often divided into two areas: morphology and syntax. Morphologists look at words, both how they are inflected (e.g., horse-s), and how they can be formed out of other words (e.g., use-able, or fire-man). Syntaxologists examine how words are put together into groups (e.g., a brown horse) and sentences (e.g., Kari has a brown horse).
Grammar researchers attempt to find out more about morphology and syntax – and the relationship between them – in their mother tongues and foreign languages, and as well as in undocumented and documented languages.
When comparing different languages we see both similarities and differences between them. A strong area of focus in current grammatical research is the similarities and differences between languages. There are various theories as to the forms languages can and cannot take, and these play an important role in research into individual languages.
Grammatical research has various areas of application, e.g., language teaching, language technology and for advising on language difficulties.
Researchers at the Department of Linguistics and Scandinavian Studies study grammar from a range of theoretical perspectives. We have a particular focus on Norwegian and other Scandinavian languages, as well as on African languages.