Research topic: Polish
Polish (język polski, polszczyzna) is the official language of Poland.
Polish belongs to the Slavic languages in the Indo-European language family, and is written in the Latin alphabet. Together with Czech, Slovakian and Sorbian, Polish forms the West Slavic language family.
Polish was formerly widespread in Central and Eastern Europe, first and foremost because of the powerful influence of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569–1795).
Today, the language does not have such strong influence outside Poland, due to the dominance of the Russian language. In bordering countries such as Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, the Czech Republic and Germany, Polish is a minority language.
The language has had a considerable literature for centuries. It is estimated that around 50 million people around the world speak Polish.
Over time, the language has adopted Latin, French and German loanwords and, after the fall of communism, many English words have entered the language.
Research in the field also examines changes in Polish culture and history, especially how these are reflected in various texts, literary as well as political.