Research topic: Russia
Russia is clearly visible on the globe as the world’s largest country, almost twice as large as number two, Canada.
As many as 14 countries, from Norway to North Korea, share national borders with Russia, while Japan and the USA share maritime borders with the country.
In many ways, Russia has one foot in Europe and one in Asia. This enormous realm stretches from the Baltic Sea in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east, from the Arctic Ocean in the North to the Black Sea in the south.
In proportion to its size, Russia’s population is slightly more modest, with just over 140 million inhabitants. Most of these live in the European part of the country.
Ties between Norway and Russia are close and good, and trade is growing strongly.
After the Mongols invaded Kiev in the 1200s, Moscow evolved into a powerful principality. The realm expanded during the following 500 years, and in 1721 it was renamed the Russian Empire by Peter the Great. At this time, Russia was a European superpower.
Following the Revolution in 1917, Russia was ruled by the Communists (from 1922 as a part of the Soviet Union). The Soviet Union suffered particularly under Josef Stalin’s dictatorial rule (1924-1953).
After several years of internal instability, the Soviet Union was dissolved in 1991.
Russia has since undergone extensive reforms and has become the Soviet Union’s political, economic and military successor. In 1997 the country became a member of the G8 Group, as one of the world’s largest economies.