Espen Klævik-Pettersen (UiO)
One Head, Many Features:
Why "Strong" V2 Languages Defy (Strong) Cartography.
CP cartography (Rizzi 1997 et seq.) postulates a universally ordered set of projections in the left periphery of the clause. This allows a principled account of so-called `relaxed V2 languages' like several Old Romance varieties (Benincà 1983) by saying that the latter feature V-to-C movement while lacking strong restrictions on the prefield. At the same time, this solution raises the question why `strong V2 languages' like Modern Germanic or Old French do in fact feature such restrictions (the `linear V2 rule'). In this talk, I will demonstrate on the basis of evidence from 13th century Old French that recent attempts (Wolfe 2015) to derive the prefield of strong V2 languages in accordance with strong cartographic tenets meet with considerable theoretical and empirical problems, and an alternative analysis is suggested which represents a compromise between traditional and cartographic accounts.