Mike Putnam

Penn State University

Abstract transfer: Hyper-V2 effects in Gottscheerisch Imperatives

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Although the prevailing position in the literature is that syntactic properties generally remain immune to contact and attrition effects, small scale changes do occur on occasion. A reasonable hypothesis is that syntactic change in these environments is highly conservative, and will most likely result in the amplification or 'recycling' of already existing properties in the less dominant grammar (Putnam & Schwarz, 2014; Hopp & Putnam, 2015), thus rendering any allusion to 'transfer' as an abstract process (Heine & Kuteva, 2005). In this talk I take a closer look at a heritage variety of German called Gottscheerisch, paying particular attention to its imperative structures, which have begun to take on certain Slavic properties. Building on Müller's (2004, 2018) proposal that the V2-property in Germanic is realized as vP-movement to the left edge of the clause (CP), I show that what may on the surface appear to be assimilation to Slavic-like imperatives is really abstract transfer resulting in the hyper-application of the V2-parameter (i.e., vP-raising) in Gottscheerisch imperatives.

Published Aug. 29, 2019 11:19 AM - Last modified Oct. 3, 2019 9:59 AM