Language requirements

Admission to the PhD programme requires proficiency in written and spoken English. English language proficiency must be documented with a valid TOEFL ibt, IELTS Academic or PTE Academic test score if you are not covered by one of the exemptions. The test result cannot be older than two years on the application date.

 

Accepted tests and minimum scores

TOEFL - Test of English as a Foreign Language, internet-based test (iBT)

  • Minimum total score of 90 with at least 19 in reading, 20 in listening, 20 in speaking and 24 in writing. 

This includes TOEFL iBT Special Home Edition. We do not accept TOEFL MyBest Score.

IELTS academic - International English Language Testing System

  • Minimum overall band score of 6.5 with at least 6.5 in each component. Minimum component scores apply to studies starting in the autumn semester 2021 and later).

PTE Academic - Pearson Test of English Academic

  • Minimum overall score of 62 with at least 58 in each component (listening, reading, speaking and writing). Minimum component scores apply  to studies starting in the autumn semester 2021 and later.

Are you exempt from submitting an English language test?

 

The following applicants are exempt from submitting an English language test: 

Norwegian upper secondary school

Applicants who have passed examination in English foundation course (140 hours/5 periods per week) with a minimum grade of 4 in Norwegian upper secondary school (or an equivalent grade from a Nordic upper secondary school) or passed "programfag" in English (140 hours) from Norwegian upper secondary school.

Cambridge Assessment English exams

Applicants who, in 2005 or later, have passed the University of Cambridge exams 

  • Proficiency (CPE) with the grades A, B or C

  • Advanced (CAE) with grades A, B or C

  • First with the grade A 

International Baccalaureate (IB)

Applicants who have completed the International Baccalaureate (IB) programme with English at Higher Level (HL) with the minimum score of 4 or at Standard Level (SL) with the minimum score of 6.

Australia

Applicants who have completed their entire upper secondary education in Australia, or a minimum of one year's university studies in academic subjects (corresponding to 60 ECTS credits) with English as the language of instruction in Australia.

Bahamas

Applicants who have completed their entire upper secondary education in the Bahamas.

Barbados

Applicants who have completed their entire upper secondary education in Barbados.

Canada

Applicants who have completed their entire upper secondary education in Canada, or a minimum of one year's university studies in academic subjects (corresponding to 60 ECTS credits) with English as the language of instruction in Canada.

Denmark

Applicants who have:

  • passed examination in English foundation course (140 hours/5 periods per week) with a minimum grade of 4 in Norwegian upper secondary school (or an equivalent grade from a Nordic upper secondary school) or passed "programfag" in English (140 hours) from Norwegian upper secondary school.

OR

  • completed one the following with English as the language of instruction in Denmark:
    • a bachelor's degree
    • a minimum of one year of master's degree studies. The study level and language of instruction must be documented with a diploma supplement or a statement from your university, if it is not clear from your official transcript of records that your completed courses were taught in English at master's level.

Fiji

Applicants who have completed their entire upper secondary school in English in Fiji.

Finland

Applicants who have:

  • passed examination in English foundation course (140 hours/5 periods per week) with a minimum grade of 4 in Norwegian upper secondary school (or an equivalent grade from a Nordic upper secondary school) or passed "programfag" in English (140 hours) from Norwegian upper secondary school.

OR

  • completed one of the following with English as the language of instruction in Finland:
    • a bachelor's degree
    • a minimum of one year of master's degree studies (corresponding to 60 ECTS credits). The study level and language of instruction must be documented with a diploma supplement or a statement from your university, if it is not clear from your official transcript of records that your completed courses were taught in English at master's level.

Guyana

Applicants who have completed their entire upper secondary education in Guyana.

Hong Kong

Applicants with completed upper secondary school from Hong Kong with an AS-level examination in Use of English with grades A-C or HKDSE English Language Subject Level grade 5.

Iceland

Applicants who have:

  • passed examination in English foundation course (140 hours/5 periods per week) with a minimum grade of 4 in Norwegian upper secondary school (or an equivalent grade from a Nordic upper secondary school) or passed "programfag" in English (140 hours) from Norwegian upper secondary school.

OR

  • completed one of the following with English as the language of instruction in Iceland:
    • a bachelor's degree
    • a minimum of one year of master's degree studies (corresponding to 60 ECTS credits). The study level and language of instruction must be documented with a diploma supplement or a statement from your university, if it is not clear from your official transcript of records that your completed courses were taught in English at master's level.

Ireland

Applicants who have completed their entire upper secondary education in Ireland, or a minimum of one year's university studies in academic subjects (corresponding to 60 ECTS credits) with English as the language of instruction in Ireland.

Jamaica

Applicants who have completed their entire upper secondary education in Jamaica.

Macao

Applicants with completed upper secondary school within the British system in Macao.

Malta

Applicants who have completed their entire upper secondary education in Malta.

Mauritius

Applicants who have completed their entire upper secondary school in English in Mauritius.

The Netherlands

Applicants who have

  • completed the subject “Engelse taal en literatuur” from VWO, with the minimum final grade (eindcijfer) of 6, or from HAVO, with the minimum final grade (eindcijfer) of 7.

OR

  • completed one the following with English as the language of instruction in the Netherlands:
    • a bachelor's degree
    • a minimum of one year of master's degree studies (corresponding to 60 ECTS credits). The study level and language of instruction must be documented with a diploma supplement or a statement from your university, if it is not clear from your official transcript of records that your completed courses were taught in English at master's level.

New Zealand

Applicants who have completed their entire upper secondary education in New Zealand, or a minimum of one year's university studies in academic subjects (corresponding to 60 ECTS credits) with English as the language of instruction in New Zealand.

Norway

Applicants who have:

  • passed examination in English foundation course (140 hours/5 periods per week) with a minimum grade of 4 in Norwegian upper secondary school (or an equivalent grade from a Nordic upper secondary school) or passed "programfag" in English (140 hours) from Norwegian upper secondary school.

OR

  • completed one of the following with English as the language of instruction in Norway:
    • a bachelor's degree
    • a minimum of one year of master's degree studies (corresponding to 60 ECTS credits). The study level and language of instruction must be documented with a diploma supplement or a statement from your university, if it is not clear from your official transcript of records that your completed courses were taught in English at master's level.

Samoa

Applicants who have completed their entire upper secondary school in English in Samoa.

Singapore

Applicants who have completed their entire upper secondary education in Singapore.

South Africa

Applicants who have completed both upper secondary school and an honours bachelor’s degree taught in English in South Africa.

Sweden

Applicants who have:

  • passed examination in English foundation course (140 hours/5 periods per week) with a minimum grade of 4 in Norwegian upper secondary school (or an equivalent grade from a Nordic upper secondary school) or passed "programfag" in English (140 hours) from Norwegian upper secondary school.

OR

  • completed one of the following with English as the language of instruction in Sweden:
    • a bachelor's degree
    • a minimum of one year of master's degree studies (corresponding to 60 ECTS credits). The study level and language of instruction must be documented with a diploma supplement or a statement from your university, if it is not clear from your official transcript of records that your completed courses were taught in English at master's level.

Trinidad and Tobago

Applicants who have completed their entire upper secondary education in Trinidad and Tobago.

United Kingdom

Applicants who have completed their entire upper secondary education in the United Kingdom, or a minimum of one year's university studies (corresponding to 60 ECTS credits) in academic subjects with English as the language of instruction in the United Kingdom. Please note that UK branch campus, validated and franchised programme and distance learning students are not exempt.

USA

Applicants who have completed their entire upper secondary education in the USA, or a minimum of one year's university studies (at least 30 semester credits or 45 quarter credits) in academic subjects with English as the language of instruction in the USA.

 

Published Mar. 18, 2021 12:27 PM - Last modified Mar. 18, 2021 12:27 PM