Melina Antonia Buns
Regional Environments, International Politics and Transnational Exchange: Nordic Environmental Cooperation, 1967-1995
Regional cooperation turned the Nordic countries into international environmental political forerunners. This happened despite Nordic cooperation long being dominated by socio-economic concerns, while environmental policy only entered Nordic cooperation during the late 1960s. Within this developing policy area, the Nordic countries used their tradition for regional cooperation on multiple levels in order to put pressure on environmental politics within international organisations.
By addressing the changes within Nordic environmental cooperation in the political framework of the Nordic councils, as well as the Nordic countries’ exchange relations to other international organisations, the project will seek to analyse and reconstruct the Nordic countries’ activities within international organisations in environmental policy making. The central research focuses on the emergence of environmental policy within Nordic cooperation as well as the establishment of environmental policy as a core area of cooperation.
The analysis will focus on the spill-overs from national, international and regionalist impulses on Nordic environmental policy and will be structured around three central questions.
First - focusing on the impulses of Nordic environmental cooperation -, the project will analyse and present the driving actors pushing for Nordic environmental policy and address to what extent the national governments, interest organisations and networks shaped the environmental discourse within the Nordic councils.
Second - addressing the Nordic tradition for multilateralism -, the project will analyse to what extent the Nordic councils generated a basis for joint Nordic cooperation within international environmental politics and to what extent such cooperation influenced the international environmental discourse and agenda.
Finally, the project will analyse and discuss which impact regionalist impulses and the wish to establish a new field of Nordic cooperation played in the establishment of Nordic environmental policy. Entangled between idealism and pragmatism this third question will contribute to the ‘unpacking’ of the dynamics and characteristics behind Nordic cooperation.
Hence, the project generates new knowledge within the research areas on Nordic cooperation, environmental politics and international organisations.
Transnational and international history
Social movements, in particular environmental movement and anti-nuclear movement
M.A. International and Global History, Aarhus University, 2016
B.A. History, University of Vienna, 2013