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After the Black Death: Painting and Polychrome Sculpture in Norway, 1350‒1550

The interdisciplinary project 'After the Black Death: Painting and Polychrome Sculpture in Norway' was based in Conservation Studies (2014-2018) and centred on late-medieval liturgical objects. Presentation in Norwegian

St Olav, Skjervøy altarpiece, KHM C3000, raking light (photo: Helene Skoglund-Johnsen)

About the Project

‘After the Black Death: Painting and Polychrome Sculpture in Norway’ was supported by the Research Council of Norway between 2014 and 2018 with NOK 9 million for research and development. The project network included researchers from across the University of Oslo and The Centre for Art Technological Studies and Conservation (CATS) in Copenhagen. This final report for the project was written by Noëlle Streeton (Principal Investigator) and submitted by Tine Frøysaker (Project Leader) in accordance with the requirements of The Research Council of Norway.

Research Council project number: 231592

Project home: Conservation Studies, Dept of Archaeology, Conservation and History

Project period: 01.08.2014 – 31.12.2018

 

Final Report

The project ‘After the Black Death: Painting and Polychrome Sculpture in Norway’ (ABD) commenced officially in Autumn 2014, after several years of preparation. Initial aims were two-fold: to investigate the ways in which late-medieval liturgical objects were made in advance of being installed in Norwegian churches, and to examine how they have changed (some profoundly) over time. Physical changes, changes in status as Catholic objects in Protestant church rooms, as well as categorisation as Hanseatic objects in Norwegian museums have determined past and contemporary attitudes to them. These themes were addressed over the project period, which ended officially in December 2018.

Results have been generated by conservators, chemists and historians who made up the ABD research network. Those within Conservation and Chemistry worked closely with scientists and conservators at the Centre for Art Technological Studies and Conservation (CATS) in Copenhagen, and the University Museum of Bergen. At University of Oslo, the ABD network spanned three faculties: Humanities (Conservation Studies, History and History of Art), Mathematics and Natural Sciences MATNAT (Department of Chemistry and SINTEF), and the Museum of Cultural History.

 

Impact and effects

Funding allowed the international network to focus on late-medieval folding altarpieces, shrines and sculptures from Norwegian churches, and particularly those now in museums. Efforts concentrated especially on circa 25 objects that have been categorised as imports from northern Germany to Norway in the period after the first wave of Bubonic Plague (1349) until the early years of the Reformation from 1536.

A point of departure was the problematic category of ‘import’ and the theory first aired 1878 that too few craftsmen survived after the Black Death to meet demand for religious objects. According to this theory, traders from northern Germany and the Netherlands filled the void, delivering objects for Norwegian churches to the detriment and exclusion of local sources. In the era of national-Romanticism, allusions to loss were furthermore conflated with negative ideas about Hanseatic traders. The objects under investigation during the ABD project have therefore been more closely associated with Norway’s 400-årsnatten (the ‘400-year night’) than national narratives, despite their importance to Norwegian cultural heritage (Streeton 2014; 2016/17; 2018; Ebert 2019).

The ABD project has engaged conservators, materials scientists, and historians to redirect interpretations of this category of object. Together, collaborative groups have traced the circumstances under which late-medieval objects in Oslo and Bergen were produced, which formed foundations for decoding damages and tracing transformations over time. This is important because the majority are now both physically and ontologically unrecognisable to a general audience.

Investigations focused first on original form, colour and lustre, to explore when and how individual elements within each object were made. Dendrochronology indicated dates for wooden structural components, as well as sources for the wood (Daly and Streeton 2017), while imaging and chemical characterisation offered essential data for assessing composition and degradation of paint and gilding. This work established firstly that the category of ‘import’ is far too simple, primarily because it appears that numerous workshops were responsible for producing various parts over many decades, and probably in multiple locations (Daly and Streeton 2017; Streeton et al. 2018; forthcoming). While workshops in northern Germany undoubtedly were responsible for some elements in multi-component altarpieces, shrines and epitaphs, it is likely the many individual components were shipped separately, mainly to Bergen, then assembled and finished on arrival. For this reason labels like ‘north German’, or ‘Norwegian’ are unhelpful, as locations for production were complicated and multi-national.           

Materials research furthermore clarified the mechanisms by which copper-green and lead-based paints have degraded, e.g., in sea-side churches (Platania et al. 2018). Among the findings, it is now evident that metal soaps can remineralise within oil paints, which complicate the interpretation of original components more than previously acknowledged (Platania et al. forthcoming). Diverse investigations into the nature of support structures, repairs and overpaints have furthermore redrawn the lines of previous art-historical narratives (Ebert 2019).  

Beyond this, the aforementioned studies of original materials, fragmentation and degradation have led to new questions, which in turn have opened paths for enquiries into how parishioners over hundreds of years experienced these objects in their churches and in their daily lives. For example, physical evidence of repetitive touching, likely to activate a saint sculpture, or deliberate damage to test, deactivate and/or shame it, can now be ‘read’ alongside historical and legal sources (Streeton 2017; forthcoming). Specific evidence for nasal mutilation, coupled with specific punishments found in Norwegian civil law, lend support to broader research into the ways in which hybrid liturgical practices were halted during the protracted Reformation, long after 1536. A transition from Catholicism was not achieved within three generations, as is so often stated.  

Finally, the Museum of Cultural History (KHM, UiO) has created a public face for ABD research through the exhibition Forvandling / Transformation, which opened in January 2019. The exhibition was developed specifically to feature ABD results together with those from another NFR-funded project, ‘Religion and Money’, led by Professor Svein Gullbekk (KHM).The curatorial team drew on rich experience of historical modes of display for medieval church objects (Liepe 2018), while also confronting display challenges posed by profoundly damaged religious instruments. Gallery texts along with a gallery guide (Bjerregaard ed. 2018) highlight issues of making, continued use, partial destruction and constant re-interpretation after the Reformation and up to today.

 

Publications and lectures

In 2014, the ABD project group committed to delivering nine publications and a PhD thesis. At the time of writing, many articles are already published, or have been delivered (post-peer review). Others are currently under review. In total we report 24 publications (so many more than promised) that are directly related to NFR funded work. These include:

19 journal articles in peer-reviewed journals or edited books

3 articles in peer-reviewed conference pre-prints

1 PhD thesis (article-based)

1 monograph

1 gallery guide

1 museum exhibition (permanent, from January 2019)

These figures do not include works that formed the foundations for the research undertaken by members of the ABD network (from 2010 and published 2012‒2016), but we include foundational works in the list of publications (see below, category i). Publications are divided into seven categories as a way to visualise the project’s research ‘landscape’, as opposed to simply listing publications by date. Finally, a full list of invited lectures and conference papers follows the list of publications. These have been delivered by members of the research network throughout the funding period. 

 

Other results

In addition to a kick-off symposium (October 2014), efforts of the ABD research group were featured numerous times in published interviews and short ‘popular science’ pieces. Bård Amundsen’s article for Forskning.no, ‘Middelalderkunsten som ble gjemt’, was based on an interview with Tine Frøysaker and Noëlle Streeton at the moment that funded research commenced (https://forskning.no/middelalderkunsten-som-ble-gjemt/544308, 4 September 2014). Thereafter, Bjarne Røsjø’s article ‘Kaster nytt laserlys over senmiddelaldersk kirkekunst’ appeared in Titan.uio.no (https://titan.uio.no/node/1975, 28 October 2016) and as ‘Hvem malte kunsten i kirkene?’ on the Forskning.no pages (https://forskning.no/partner-kunst-og-litteratur-kunsthistorie/hvem-malte-kunsten-i-kirkene/385379, 10 November 2016).

Most recently, Yngve Vogt’s interview with Svein Gullbekk and Noëlle Streeton on the eve of the opening of the exhibition Forvandling/Transformation at the Museum of Cultural History was published in Apollon under the title ‘Reformasjonen tok flere hundre år’ (https://www.apollon.uio.no/artikler/2019/khm_reformasjonen.html, 29 April 2019). Vogt’s article featured on the Forskning.no pages (https://forskning.no/historie-kulturhistorie-middelalderen/reformasjonen-tok-flere-hundre-ar/1330886, 2 May 2019) and on the home page of the University of Oslo (30 April–4 May 2019). Finally, the KHM webpages for the exhibition Forvandling offer visitors a readily accessible overview of research themes and objects (https://www.khm.uio.no/besok-oss/historisk-museum/utstillinger/faste/forvandling/index.html, accessed 30 May 2019).

 

References

Bjerregaard, P. ed. 2018. Forvandling: Tro og hellige gjenstander i middelalderen / Transformation: Faith and Sacred Objects in the Middle Ages. Trondheim: Museumsforlaget.

Daly, A., & Streeton, N.L.W. 2017. Non-invasive dendrochronology of late-medieval objects in Oslo: refinement of a technique and discoveries, Applied Physics A. 123:431. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00339-017-1019-x

Ebert, B. 2019. Biographies carved in wood: Reconstructing narratives for medieval polychrome sculptures. PhD thesis, vols I and II. University of Oslo: Faculty of Humanities.

Platania, E., Streeton, N.L.W., Kutzke, H., Karlsson, A., Uggerud, E. & Andersen, N.H. 2018. Infrared, Raman and Computational study of a crystalline mononuclear copper complex found in the pigment verdigris, Journal of Vibrational Spectrocopy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vibspec.2018.05.004

Platania, E., Streeton, N.L.W., Vila, A., Buti, D., Caruso, F. & Uggerud, E. Forthcoming. Detection and investigation of mineralization products of lead soaps in painting cross-sections.

Liepe, L. 2018. A Case for the Middle Ages: The Public Display of Medieval Church Art in Sweden 1847–1943. Stockholm: Kungliga Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien.

Streeton, N.L.W. 2014. Preface to Paint and Piety: Collected Essays on Medieval Painting and Polychrome Sculpture. Eds. N.L.W. Streeton & K. Kollandsrud, pp. vii‒x. London: Archetype Publications.

Streeton, N.L.W. 2016/17. Writing histories for late-medieval objects: the engagement of conservation with theoretical perspectives on material culture. Studies in Conservation 62(7): 419‒431. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00393630.2016.1210752

Streeton, N.L.W. 2017. Decoding damages to late-medieval cult sculpture from Norwegian churches. In ICOM-CC 18th Triennial Conference Preprints, Copenhagen, 4–8 September 2017, Linking Past and Future. Ed. J. Bridgland. Paris: International Council of Museums, ICOM-CC. http://icom-cc-publications-online.org/PublicationDetail.aspx?cid=662bcd86-bb75-41fc-9f08-875f3b9d7837

Streeton, N.L.W. 2018. Perspectives (old and new) on late-medieval church art in Norway: questioning the hegemony of Lübeck workshops. Scandinavian Studies 90:1: 50‒77. https://muse.jhu.edu/article/701920

Streeton, N.L.W. Forthcoming. An afterlife for cult sculpture from Norwegian churches: tradition, continuity and partial mutilation after the Reformation. In The Cult of Saints in the Archdiocese of Niðaróss and its European Context , eds. Kimberley-Joy Knight, Ragnhild Bø, Jón Viðar Sigurðsson. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. (Delivered, post-peer review).

Streeton, N.L.W., Platania, E., Daly, A., Vila, A. & Buti, D. 2018, Tapte relasjoner? / Long-Lost Relations? In Bjerregaard, P. ed. Forvandling: Tro og hellige gjenstander i middelalderen / Transformation: Faith and Sacred Objects in the Middle Ages, pp. 30–43. Trondheim: Museumsforlaget. 

Streeton, N.L.W., Platania, E., Daly, A., Vila, A., Buti, D., & Wadum, J. Forthcoming. Imitation game? Redefining Lübeck attributions for church art in Norway. In Lübeck 1500 – Kunstmetropole im Ostseeraum. Eds. J.F. Richter & J. Rosenfeld. Petersberg (DE): Michael Imhof Verlag.


 

 

Publications

Publications are divided into seven categories as a way to visualise the project’s research landscape, as opposed to simply listing publications by date. Categories include:

  1. Project preparation (2012–2016)   
  1. Research background
  2. Post-doctoral research in Conservation Science (UiO & CATS, Copenhagen)
  3. PhD dissertation (UiO)
  4. CATS collaborations, Technical Art History
  5. Exhibition, Museum of Cultural History (KHM, UiO)
  1. Added value: extra publications that contribute to the ABD research portfolio

A full list of invited lectures and conference papers follows the list of publications. These have been delivered by members of the research network throughout the funding period. 

 

Publications associated with the ABD project (project-preparation‒2018)Publications associated with the ABD project (project-preparation‒2018)

i. Project preparation (2012–2016)

Theme

Contribution

Panels and wood

Wadum, J. & Streeton, N. eds. 2012. History and use of panels and other rigid supports for easel paintings. In Conservation of Easel Paintings. Eds. J.H. Stoner & R. Rushfield, pp. 51‒115. London & New York: Routledge. Esp pp. 86‒97, Northern European panel paintings.

Project description

Streeton, N.L.W. 2013. Project description: After the Black Death: Painting and Polychrome Sculpture in Norway, 1350‒1550, Oslo: Norwegian Research Council. http://www.hf.uio.no/iakh/english/research/projects/medieval-painting/index.html

Paint and Piety

Streeton, N.L.W. 2014. Preface to Paint and Piety: Collected Essays on Medieval Painting and Polychrome Sculpture. Eds. N.L.W. Streeton & K. Kollandsrud, pp. vii‒x. London: Archetype Publications.

Paint and Piety

Hohler, E. & Streeton, N.L.W. 2014. The medieval collection of the Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo: a tradition of scholarship. In: Paint and Piety: Collected Essays on Medieval Painting and Polychrome Sculpture. Eds. N.L.W. Streeton & K. Kollandsrud, pp. 3‒12. London: Archetype Publications.

Panels and wood

Wadum, J., Curry, C., Streeton, N., Glatigny, J.-A., Goetghebeur, N. 2016. Wooden Supports in 12th–16th-Century European Paintings. A New English Commented Translation of Jacqueline Marette’s Connaissance des Primitifs par l'étude du bois du XIIe au XVIe siècle. London: Archetype Publications. http://www.wooden-supports-marette.com/

 

 

ii. Research background

Theory

Streeton, N.L.W. 2016/17. Writing histories for late-medieval objects: the engagement of conservation with theoretical perspectives on material culture. Studies in Conservation 62(7): 419‒431. DOI: 10.1080/00393630.2016.1210752 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00393630.2016.1210752

Research history

Streeton, N.L.W. 2018. Perspectives (old and new) on late-medieval church art in Norway: questioning the hegemony of Lübeck workshops. Scandinavian Studies 90:1: 50‒77. https://muse.jhu.edu/article/701920

 

 

 

iii. Post-doctoral research in Conservation Science (UiO & CATS)

Status

Verdigris & damage

Platania, E., Streeton, N.L.W., Kutzke, H., Karlsson, A., Uggerud, E. & Andersen, N.H. 2018. Infrared, Raman and Computational study of a crystalline mononuclear copper complex found in the pigment verdigris, Journal of Vibrational Spectrocopy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vibspec.2018.05.004

Published 2018

Paint & damage

Platania, E., Streeton, N.L.W., Vila, A., Buti, D., Caruso, F. & Uggerud, E., Detection and investigation of mineralization products of lead soaps in painting cross-sections. Under review.

Under review

Unstable green pigments

Platania, E., Streeton, N.L.W., Llluveras, A., Vila, A., Buti, D., Karlsson, A., Columbini, M.P., Kutzke, H., Andersen, N.H., & Uggerud, E. Identification of green pigments and binders in late-medieval painted wings from Norwegian churches. Under review.

Under review

 

 

 

iv. PhD dissertation (UiO)

Status

 

Article-based dissertation:

Ebert, B. 2019. Biographies carved in wood: Reconstructing narratives for medieval polychrome sculptures. PhD thesis, vols I and II. University of Oslo: Faculty of Humanities.

Defended

17 June 2019

 

Ebert, B. 2017. A skewed balance? Examining the display and research history of the medieval collection at the Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo. Journal of the History of Collections, 30(1): 139–151. https://doi.org/10.1093/jhc/fhx021

Published 2017

 

Ebert, B. 2017. Composite wainscot block construction in medieval sculptures: A question of quality? In ICOM-CC 18th Triennial Conference Preprints, Copenhagen, 4–8 September 2017, Linking Past and Future. Paris: International Council of Museums, ICOM-CC.   

Published 2017

 

Ebert, B. 2018. Saintly relationships or grounds for divorce? An examination of workshop links between two medieval polychrome sculptures. Journal of the Institute of Conservation 41(2): 95‒112.

Published 2018

 

Ebert, B. 2018. Biographies carved in wood: Turning points in the lives of two medieval Virgin sculptures. Journal of Material Culture (online): 1‒32. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359183518811355

Published 2018

 

 

 

v. CATS collaborations, Technical art history

Status

Dendro-chronology

Daly, A., & Streeton, N.L.W. 2017. Non-invasive dendrochronology of late-medieval objects in Oslo: refinement of a technique and discoveries, Applied Physics A. 123:431. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00339-017-1019-x

Published 2017

Chemistry in context

Streeton, N.L.W., Platania, E., Daly, A., Vila, A. & Buti, D. 2018, Tapte relasjoner? / Long-Lost Relations? In Bjerregaard, P. ed. Forvandling: Tro og hellige gjenstander i middelalderen / Transformation: Faith and Sacred Objects in the Middle Ages, pp. 30–43. Trondheim: Museumsforlaget. 

Published 2018

Chemistry in context

Streeton, N.L.W., Platania, E., Daly, A., Vila, A., Buti, D., & Wadum, J. Forthcoming. Imitation game? Redefining Lübeck attributions for church art in Norway. In Lübeck 1500 – Kunstmetropole im Ostseeraum. Eds. J.F. Richter & J. Rosenfeld. Petersberg (DE): Michael Imhof Verlag.

Expected 2020

 

NB: Collaborative articles with Platania et al. are listed with category iii.

 

 

 

 

vi. Exhibition, Museum of Cultural History (KHM, UiO)

Status

Exhibition

‘Forvandling’, Kulturhistorisk mueum, UiO (from 31 January 2019)

Open

Gallery guide

Bjerregaard, P. ed. 2018. Forvandling: Tro og hellige gjenstander i middelalderen / Transformation: Faith and Sacred Objects in the Middle Ages. Trondheim: Museumsforlaget. ISBN 9788283050615

-Streeton, N.L.W. Menneskebarn / Human Child (Christ child from Åmotsdal Church C26120), pp. 10‒13. 

-Ebert, B. En biskop / A bishop (C2913), pp. 14‒16.

-Streeton, N.L.W. Tre generasjoner / Three Generations (The Virgin and Child with St Anne, C23312), pp. 17‒21.

-Ebert, B. Mens far hjelper til / While father helps (Enthroned Virgin with Nativity, C 2686), pp. 22‒25.

-Ebert, B. Anna selv tredje / Virgin and Child with St Anne (C2912), pp. 26‒29.

-Streeton, N.L.W., Platania, E., Daly, A., Vila, A. & Buti, D., Tapte relasjoner? / Long-Lost Relations? (Shrine from Bygland, C6113; Altarpiece from Skjervøy, C3000; Shrine doors from Røldal C5067), pp. 30‒43 (listed also with group v. CATS publications).

-Streeton, N.L.W. & Liepe, L. En pilegrimsreise / A Pilgrimage (Relief from Borre Church, C6131), pp. 48-51.

Published 2018

Monograph

Liepe, L. 2018. A Case for the Middle Ages: The Public Display of Medieval Church Art in Sweden 1847–1943. Stockholm: Kungliga Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien. 265 pages, ISBN 9789174024616

Published 2018

 

 

 

vi. Added value: extra publications

Status

Workshop practice

Streeton, N.L.W. 2016. Late-medieval workshops: making art in Lübeck. Kumla Altar Project webpages http://kumlaaltarproject.historiska.se/#/home (outcome from Kumla Altar Project)

Published

2016

Case study

 

Sæter, L., Skaaland, T.E., Stoveland, L.P., Grønnesby, O., Streeton, N.  2017. Visual and technical study of the Kumla altar (c. 1439), Swedish History Museum, Stockholm. In ICOM-CC 18th Triennial Conference Preprints, Copenhagen, 4–8 September 2017, Linking Past and Future. Ed. J. Bridgland. Paris: International Council of Museums, ICOM-CC. http://icom-cc-publications-online.org/PublicationDetail.aspx?cid=7d649a0d-5b23-4dd9-9708-cf7013f4c4eb 

Published

2017

Case study

Streeton, N.L.W. 2017. Decoding damages to late-medieval cult sculpture from Norwegian churches. In ICOM-CC 18th Triennial Conference Preprints, Copenhagen, 4–8 September 2017, Linking Past and Future. Ed. J. Bridgland. Paris: International Council of Museums, ICOM-CC. http://icom-cc-publications-online.org/PublicationDetail.aspx?cid=662bcd86-bb75-41fc-9f08-875f3b9d7837

Published

2017

Cult of saints

Streeton, N.L.W. Forthcoming. An afterlife for cult sculpture from Norwegian churches: tradition, continuity and partial mutilation after the Reformation. In The Cult of Saints in the Archdiocese of Niðaróss and its European Context , eds. Kimberley-Joy Knight, Ragnhild Bø, Jón Viðar Sigurðsson. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Expected 2019

Public lectures delivered by members of the ABD network (2014-2019)

Streeton, N.L.W. 2019. Curatorial Discourses on Medieval Art, Past and Present: The exhibition ‘Transformation’, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo, presented 11 May 2019, International Congress on Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo (USA).

Scharffenberg, K. 2019. ‘Forvandling/Transformation’, public tour offered 12 March 2019, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo.

Streeton, N.L.W. 2019. ‘Transformation: Faith and Sacred Objects in the Middle Ages’. Lecture offered 15 February 2019 to the Conservation research group, Department of Archaeology, Conservation and History, University of Oslo.

Streeton, N.L.W. 2019. ‘Transformation: Faith and Sacred Objects in the Middle Ages’. Exhibition tour offered 15 February 2019 to the staff of the museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo.

Streeton, N.L.W. 2019. ‘Transformation: Faith and Sacred Objects in the Middle Ages’. Public lecture presented 2 February 2019, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo.

Streeton, N.L.W. 2019. ‘Forvandling: Tro og hellige gjenstander i middelalderen’. Exhibition tour offered 2 February 2019, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo.

Streeton, N.L.W. 2017. 'New light on lost lustre. Results from the project "After the Black Death: Painting and Polychrome Sculpture in Norway"’, presented 21 November 2017 to the IAKH research seminar, University of Oslo.

Streeton, N.L.W. 2017. 'Decoding damages to late-medieval cult sculpture from Norwegian churches' (Part II), presented 5 September 2017, ICOM-CC Triennial Conference, Copenhagen.

Ebert, B. 2017. ‘Composite wainscot block construction in medieval sculptures: A question of quality?’, presented 5 September 2017, ICOM-CC Triennial Conference, Copenhagen.

Sæter, L., Skaaland, T.E., Porsmo Stoveland, L., Grønnesby, O. & Streeton, N.L.W. 2017. ‘Visual and technical study of the Kumla altar (c. 1439), Swedish History Museum, Stockholm’, presented 5 September 2017, ICOM-CC Triennial Conference, Copenhagen.

Vila, A., Platania, E., Buti, D. & Streeton, N. 2017. A spectroscopic study of metal leaves and layering in a group of medieval objects from Norwegian churches. Technart, Bilbao (Spain).

Streeton, N.L.W. 2017. ‘After the Black Death: Painting and Polychrome Sculpture in Norway c. 1350-1550. Conservation Research & Its Implications’, presented 11 May 2017, NIKU, Oslo

Streeton, N.L.W. 2017. 'Imitation game: rethinking the links between Lubeck painters and their workshop prototypes', presented 27 January 2017, Schiffahrtsmuseum/Leibniz-Institut für Deutsche Schiffahrtsgeschichte/Netzwerk Kunst und Kultur der Hansestädte, Bremerhaven (Germany).

Streeton, N.L.W. 2016. 'Decoding damages to late-medieval cult sculpture from Norwegian churches' (Part I), presented 13 October 2016 during the symposium The Cult of Saints in the Archdiocese of Niðaróss in its European Context, University of Oslo. 

ABD network meeting, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo (14 Oct 2016):

-Streeton. ‘ABD in progress, 2015–2016’

-Platania, E. ‘Materials analyses and CATS collaboration’

-Ebert, B. ‘PhD project: Current work’

-Bjerregaard, P. & Lindoøe, E. ‘KHM exhibition, progress and planning’

Platania, E. 2016. ‘Analyses and characterization of painting cross-sections from Scandinavian medieval altarpieces’, presented 7 October 2016, CTCC (Centre for Theoretical and Computational Chemistry), Dept of Chemistry, University of Oslo.

Daly, A. 2016. ‘Dendroarchaeology’, presented 22 September 2016, Aarhus University, Moesgaard (Denmark).

Daly, A. 2016. ‘Beyond chronology – the material evidence for past timber trade’, presented at the workshop, 15‒17 June 2016, Gender and Material Culture in Ecclesiastical Spaces during the (long) Middle Ages, National Museum, Copenhagen.

Daly, A. 2016. ‘Dendrochronology and dendroprovenance’, lecture series presented 24‒28 May 2016, University of Wales, Trinity Saint David, Lampeter (UK).

Streeton, N.L.W. 2016. 'XRF mapping of the altarpiece from Kumla (Historiska museet, Stockholm)', presented 3 May 2016, Kumla Altar Seminar, University of Gothenburg (Sweden).

Platania, E. 2016. ‘Applications of Raman Spectroscopy in Conservation Science’, presented 25 April 2016, Department of Cultural History, University of Bergen / Nordic Conservator Association, Hordaland.

Daly, A. and Streeton, N.L.W. 2016. ‘Non-invasive tree-ring analysis – archaeology and art’, presented 21 March 2016, InArt, 2nd International Conference on Innovation in Art Research and Technology, Ghent (Belgium).

Streeton, N.L.W. 2015. 'The making and transformations of the Bygland shrine: a test case for a theoretical framework', presented 4 December 2015 during the research seminar, Matter and Materiality in the Study of Medieval Art, organised by Lena Liepe and Kaja Kollandsrud, Department of Philosophy, Classics, History of Art and Ideas, University of Oslo.

Platania, E. 2015. ‘Scientific analyses of artistic materials in late medieval Scandinavian altarpieces’, presented 13 November 2015, CTCC (Centre for Theoretical and Computational Chemistry), Dept of Chemistry, University of Oslo.

Streeton, N.L.W. 2015. 'Making art, circa 1500: refinement and revision of Lübeck attributions for church art in Norway', presented 31 October 2015 during the Conference: Lübeck 1500 - Kunstmetropole im Ostseeraum, Lübeck (Germany).

ABD network meeting, Bergen (24–25 Sept 2015):

-Streeton. ‘Re-shaping ideas about late-medieval church art in Norway’

-Bonsdorff, J.v. ‘The dissemination and organisation of specialist artisans in the medieval Baltic Sea area’

-Wadum, J. ‘The making of  altars 1350-1550: Cologne, Lübeck, Antwerp, and Utrecht’

-Platania, E. ‘Case study: objects from Skjervøy Bygland and Røldal’

-Daly, A. ‘Dendrochronology: early results’

-Bjerregaard, P. ‘The renewal of the first floor at Historical Museum, Oslo’

-Karlsson, A. ‘Advanced Material Characterisation and Modelling at SINTEF Materials and Chemistry’

Daly, A. 2015. ‘Beyond chronology a tale of tall trees’, presented 15 September 2015, Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona, Tucson (USA).

Platania, E. 2015. ‘Suitability of DFT modelling for Raman spectral interpretation of copper complexes’, presented during the International Congress on the Application of Raman Spectroscopy in Art and Archaeology (RAA), 1‒5 September 2015, Wroclaw (Poland).

Streeton, N.L.W. 2015. 'Conservators and the "After the Black Death" project', presented 7 July 2015, Department of Conservation, The Art Institute of Chicago (USA).

Daly, A. 2015. ‘Timber trade in Northern Europe ‒ Stories from a world of wood’, presented 16 June 2015, New York University Summer Institute in Technical Art History for Doctoral Students in Art History, New York (USA).

Daly, A. 2015. ‘Non-invasive dendrochronology ‒ stories from Scandinavia’, presented 15 June 2015, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (USA).

Daly, A. 2015. ‘Non-invasive dendrochronology, high tech to low tech’, presented at Konferansen i nordisk marinarkeologi 2015, Norsk Maritimt Museum, Oslo, 16-18 April.

Streeton, N.L.W. 2015. 'The "After the Black Death" project: early results and Hanseatic enquiries', presented 8 March 2015 during the Hansische Identitäten Conference, 4-7 March, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität, Greifswald (Germany).

Daly, A., 2015. ‘Beyond chronology – stories from a world of wood’, presented 16 February 2015, Niguliste Museum, Tallinn (Estonia).

Daly, A., 2015. ‘Timber trade in Northern Europe – a tree-ring journey’, presented 17 February 2015, Niguliste Museum, Tallinn (Estonia).

Daly, A., 2015. ‘Wood and Art. Methods of technical art history: wood analysis for interpretation of art works’, workshop, 16‒18 February 2015, Niguliste Museum, Tallinn (Estonia), organised in collaboration with CATS, https://nigulistemuuseum.ekm.ee/en/wood-and-art-methods-of-technical-art-history-wood-analysis-for-interpretation-of-art-works/

Wadum, J., 2015. ‘Wood and Art. Methods of technical art history: wood analysis for interpretation of art works’, workshop, 16‒18 February 2015, Niguliste Museum, Tallinn (Estonia), organised in collaboration with CATS, https://nigulistemuuseum.ekm.ee/en/wood-and-art-methods-of-technical-art-history-wood-analysis-for-interpretation-of-art-works/

Wadum, J., 2015. ‘The metamorphosis of a tree into an altar or panel’, presented 18 February 2015, Niguliste Museum, Tallinn (Estonia).

Platania, E. 2015. ‘New micro-sampling techniques: gel extraction’, presented 11 February 2015, Conservation Studies, University of Oslo.

Daly, A., 2014. ‘Dendrochronology’. presented 16 December 2014, CATS Seminar on Provenance and Dating of Cultural Heritage Objects, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen.

Streeton, N.L.W. & Frøysaker, T. 2014. 'Reading damage: conservators and the multi-disciplinary project 'After the Black Death: Painting and Polychrome Sculpture in Norway', presented 13 November 2014 to the working group for the Corpus Project 'Wooden Medieval Sculptures and Painting in Schleswig-Holstein', Sønderborg Slot, Sønderborg (Denmark).

ABD kick-off symposium (15–17 October 2014): Archaeology of the Object: Conservation, Material Culture and the Creation of Historical Knowledge for Pre-Reformation Church Inventories, organized by Noelle Streeton and Tine Frøysaker, Conservation Studies, University of Oslo. Abstracts available at: https://www.hf.uio.no/iakh/english/research/projects/medieval-painting/symposium-october-2014/abstracts_symposium2014.pdf

-Streeton, N.L.W. ‘After the Black Death: Painting and Polychrome Sculpture in Norway. Conservation and its contemporary context’

-Frøysaker, T. ‘Interpreting the surface in light of re-painting, treatments and repair’

-Wadum, J. 'Wood, Paint and their art-historical contexts: boxmakers, painters and technical art history'

-Daly, A. ‘Non-invasive dendrochronology: an experimental method for the analysis of Baltic oak in late-medieval multi-component altarpieces’

-Kutzke, H. ‘Alteration of copper pigments’

-Sigurdsson, J.V. ‘Understanding the cult of saints in the century before the Reformation’

-Bø, R. ‘What about devotion? Devotional and liturgical practices in late medieval Norwegian churches’

-Fredriksen, P.D. ‘What counts as heritage? Archaeology, history and recent pasts’

-Bjerregaard, P. ‘COLLAPSE and the renewal of the first floor of KHM’

-Kausland, K. ‘Notes from the field: challenges for PhD research’

-Liepe, L. ‘“The material turn”. A dispatch from the frontlines of medievalist art history’

-Sandmo, E. ‘The Champion of the North. History, religion and prophecy in Olaus Magnus’ Carta Marina (1539)’

-Marincola, M. ‘Do books on conservation practice still have value? Information dissemination in an accelerating context’

-Streeton, N.L.W. ‘Writing histories for late-medieval things: the engagement of conservation with theoretical perspectives on material culture’

Streeton, N.L.W. 2014. 'Transcending the material: writing histories from late-medieval things', presented 2 September 2014 to Collegium Medievale, University of Oslo.

 

 

 

Tags: Conservation; chemistry of artists’ materials; history; material culture; late-medieval social history; politics of cultural heritage
Published Feb. 24, 2012 3:47 PM - Last modified June 24, 2019 1:12 PM