Mind the GAP! Gourimadi Archaeological Project: Preliminary Results of the First Two Excavations Seasons
Fredagsseminar med Zarko Tankosic fra Det norske institutt i Athen.
Tankosic vil presentere resultater fra et pågående forskningsprosjekt i Gourimadi i sørlige Euboea, Hellas.
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A new archaeological research project began in the summer 2018 at the prehistoric site of Gourimadi in southern Euboea, Greece, under the aegis of the Norwegian Institute at Athens. This site was discovered during an earlier Norwegian surface survey project in the area. In 2018 we opened two trenches on the site, one at the summit and one at the southern slope of the Gourimadi hill. The trenches produced a wealth of archaeological material, consisting of pottery, lithics (mainly obsidian), and architectural remains consisting of both straight and curved walls. Especially significant are the lithic finds, which include approximately 140 projectile points (surface and excavation finds combined). This constitutes one of the largest collections of projectile points found in Greece to date. In conjunction with other lithic finds, this indicates the potential presence of a lithic workshop at the site.
The quantity and quality of architectural remains, most of which are concentrated in trench 1, is particularly intriguing. At the end of the 2019 season, we have isolated at least 8 architectural features and at least three construction phases in an area of 28 m2. The evidence indicates the existence of massive multiple structures at the summit of the Gourimadi hill, at least one of which was apsidal. A human skull placed on its base was also found in what we originally thought of as refuse area in trench 1. Moreover, Gourimadi results are significant for understanding the local and regional prehistoric chronological sequence related to the transition from the Neolithic and the Early Bronze Age (EBA). All this suggests that Gourimadi is a potentially pivotal site for understanding prehistoric developments in this part of the Aegean. In this talk I present the project and the evidence collected in 2018 and 2019 and place it in its regional context. I also offer initial interpretations on the nature of this site and its position in the Neolithic and EBA Aegean world.