Deploying the Engagement Policy: The Significance of Legal Dualism in Norway’s Support for Human Rights Treaties from the late 1970s
Førsteamanuensis i historie ved IAKH, Hanne Hagtvedt Vik, bidrar som redaktør og artikkelforfatter i et spesialnummer av Nordic Journal of Human Rights viet i sin helhet til nordisk menneskerettighetshistorie.
Forsidefoto: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group
Viks artikkelbidrag, «Deploying the Engagement Policy: The Significance of Legal Dualism in Norway’s Support for Human Rights Treaties from the late 1970s». er medforfattet av Skage A. Østberg. Tidsskriftet finnes tilgjengeleg på Taylor and Francis online.
Artikkelsammendrag fra forfatterne:
Leadership in human rights was added to the ‘engagement policy’ in Norway’s foreign policy from the late 1970s, and the country emerged as a supporter of initiatives to draft new human rights treaties. This paper compares Norwegian participation in the drafting of three key human rights treaties in the 1980s in order to examine the significance of its dualist legal system in contributions to these efforts. Based on parliamentary negotiations, archival materials of the ministries involved, and private papers, the article argues that Norway’s dualist legal system, as practised at the time, enabled the government to ratify human rights treaties quickly and also informed the state’s disposition towards different human rights projects long before any ratification took place. In other words, it facilitated impulses to pursue ideologically and politically desirable projects under the rubric of international legal norms.
Sammendrag om spesialnummeret fra redaktørene:
Do the Nordics warrant the label ‘global good Samaritans’ in human rights promotion? Is the Nordic welfare state a close to perfect realisation of human rights norms? Alternatively, do Nordic international and domestic human rights policies constitute a peculiar ‘Nordic human rights paradox’ where norms are supported internationally while not being implemented at home? In what is the first collection of articles on Nordic human rights history, we take issue with previous scholarship, finding it often to be unsubstantiated and lacking a basis in historical contexts and relevant source materials. This also includes the stream of historical studies in the past decade, where, until recently, the Nordic countries have represented something of a blind spot. However, the lack of prior interest in the region means there are several promising avenues for historical investigations of both the Nordic countries in human rights history and the role of human rights in the history of the region.