Practical Philosophy Webinar: Alejandra Mancilla
Alejandra Mancilla, UiO
Title: "From sovereignty to trusteeship: Antarctica’s model for global natural resource governance"
Alejandra Mancilla, Associate Professor, UiO.
Recent scientific studies suggest that the destabilization of the earth’s climate and biodiversity loss are not separate, but interdependent phenomena. In this context, some have proposed the creation of a “global safety net” of spaces that should be preserved to reverse biodiversity loss, prevent more CO2 emissions from land conversion, and allow natural carbon removal. In this article, I claim that one way to achieve this is to freeze state sovereignty over land and natural resources in these areas and replace it with state trusteeship. I propose to follow a model that has already been implemented over a whole continent with a fair degree of success: in 1959, the Antarctic Treaty froze the sovereign claims of seven countries over Antarctica, but these countries (plus 48 others today) have been remarkably successful in preserving the continent for peace, science and the protection of the environment. After addressing a series of objections, I present what a Global Environmental Protocol could look like.
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