International Conference – Right and Virtue: Kant and Early Modern German Philosophy

The conference explores the relationship between ethics and political philosophy, considering their separation in the Kantian tradition in its relation to the pre-Kantian prototype.

Deadline for registration for Zoom participation is 31 July 2022



For decades, Kant scholars have debated over the relationship between right and virtue (or political philosophy and ethics, to indicate the corresponding branches of practical philosophy). The debate has resulted in yet unresolved three positions: (1) right has priority over virtue; (2) virtue has priority over right; and (3) they are independent of each other. The conference seeks to shed a fresh light on this debate by combining two methodologies: a detailed analysis of Kant’s and Kantian philosophy; and the history of early modern German philosophy. The early modern German philosophers include, but are not limited to, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716), Christian Thomasius (1655–1728), Christian Wolff (1679–1754), Christian August Crusius (1715–1775), Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten (1714–62), and Moses Mendelssohn (1729–86). In this context, the conference explores the resources of Kantian and early modern German philosophy to scrutinize issues in contemporary practical philosophy, which arise from the tension between ethics and political philosophy. Under the overarching theme of the relationship between right and virtue, the conference will discuss papers on these philosophers, papers on their relation to Kant, and papers that solely draw on Kant.

The conference is a part of the project DEKANT, which has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 101027095. To learn more about this project, please find further information on the project page. The conference also receives financial support from the Norwegian Kant Society.


Wednesday, 3 August

9:00-9:15 Registration

9:15-9:30 Welcome and Introduction

Morning Session

Chair: Reidar Maliks (University of Oslo)


9:30-10:30 Keynote 1

Michael Walschots (Martin Luther University, Halle-Wittenberg): "Perfect and Imperfect Duties: Wolff, Kant, and the Principle of Contradiction"

10:30-10:45 Coffee/Tea Break

10:45-11:30 Robert König (University of Vienna): "On Kant's non-algorithmic view of human actions" (zoom)

11:30-12:15 Valentin Braekman (Université de Fribourg): "Wolff on Natural Law, Conscience and Virtue"

12:15-13:30 Lunch

Afternoon Session

Chair: Elisabeth Widmer (University of Vienna/University of Oslo)

Baumgarten and Crusius

13:30-14:30 Keynote 2

Courtney Fugate (American University of Beirut/Florida State University): "Perfectionism from Wolff to Kant"

14:30-14:45 Coffee/Tea Break

14:45-15:30 Toshiro Osawa (University of Oslo): "Right, Virtue, and Justice: Baumgarten and Kant"

15:30-16:15 Christopher Fremaux (The University of Scranton): "Embracing Dependence: Crusius on Virtue, Right, and Natural Law"

16:15-16:30 Break

Politics and Religion

16:30-17:15 Günter Zöller (Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich): "Moral Politicians" and "Political Moralists." Kant on the Relation between Ethics, Law and Politics (zoom)

17:15-18:00 Anna Tomaszewska (Jagiellonian University in Kraków): "Does religion fill the gap between ethics and politics? Kant's conception of the 'visible church'"

19:00 Conference Dinner at Smalhans

Thursday, 4 August

Morning Session

Chair: Michael Kryluk (University of Oslo)

Mendelssohn and Aesthetics

9:00-10:00 Keynote 3

Melissa Merritt (University of New South Wales): "Mendelssohn and Kant on Human Progress: A Neo-Stoic Debate" (zoom)

10:00-10:15 Coffee/Tea Break

10:15-11:00 Conrad Damstra (Brown University): "Evil, Nature, and Moral Progress: Kant's Two Responses to Moses Mendelssohn" (zoom)

11:00-11:45 Avery Goldman (DePaul University): "Kant, Mendelssohn and the Principle of Politics"

11:45-12:30 João Lemos (NOVA University of Lisbon): "Political (Aesth-)Ethics: politeness as an intermediate between right and virtue"

12:30-14:00 Lunch

Afternoon Session

Chair: Feroz Mehmood Shah (University of Oslo)

Kant on Right and/or Virtue

14:00-15:00 Keynote 4

Sorin Baiasu (Keele University): "Right and Virtue in Kant: Complex Dependentism Defended"

15:00-15:15 Coffee/Tea Break

15:15-16:00 Guus Duindam (University of Michigan): "Right, Virtue, and the Formula of Universal Law"

16:00-16:45 Chandler Hatch (Ahmedabad University): "The Rousseauvian Derivation of the Universal Principle of Right"

16:45-17:00 Closing Remarks

Further information

The conference is planned as a physical event, but we will enable participation by zoom as well. A zoom link will be sent to registered online participants prior to the event. Questions can be directed to

Published Jan. 11, 2022 12:58 PM - Last modified Nov. 1, 2022 10:49 AM