Lawrence Venuti (Temple University): Traduttore traditore: The Instrumentalism of Conventional Wisdom

Spesiell gjesteforelesning med stjernen innen tenkning rundt oversettelse i samarbeid med det tematiske satsningsområdet Traveling texts, Seminar for oversettelse og Norsk oversetterforening.

NB: Tid og sted.

Oversettelse står som en kjerne i alt vi gjør som klassiske filologer og flere ansatte ved klassisk seksjon er med i Det humanistiske fakultets tematiske satsingsområde Traveling texts som nettopp undersøker oversettelse fra forskjellige perspektiver på tvers av fakultetet. I samarbeid med Traveling texts, Seminar for oversettelse og Norsk oversetterforening har Klassisk seminar den store ære å være vertskap for en gjesteforelesningen med nestoren innen oversettelsesteori, Lawrence Venuti. Dette er første gang han er i Skandinavia. Forelesningen er åpen for alle og er heller ikke rettet spesielt inn mot det klassiske. Forelesningen vil bli etterfulgt av en liten mottakelse takket være Norsk oversetterforening.

I tillegg til forelesningen vil Venuti også delta på et seminar om oversettelse mandag 19.11.  Dette seminaret er også åpent. For program, klikk her.

 

Abstract:

Since antiquity, regardless of time and place, language and culture, the discourse on translation has been mired in clichés. The cliché may be a dichotomy indicating opposed translation strategies. Perhaps the most famous example is European, “word-for-word” vs. “sense-for-sense,” which dates back to Cicero’s De optimo genere oratorum (46 BCE) but is decisively formulated in Jerome’s Epistula LVII (395CE). Similar dichotomies occur in Asian cultures as well, such as “unhewn” vs. “refined,” which is reported to have appeared in Zhi Qian’s preface to his Chinese version of the Buddhist sutra, Dharmapada (third century CE).

 The cliché may also develop into a fully-fledged proverb about translation, a pithy statement that is believed to encapsulate an accepted truth and therefore to be worthy of repeated application, whether in elite or in popular cultures. Here belong catchphrases like “traduttore traditore” (1539) and Robert Frost’s “poetry is what gets lost in translation” (1959). Even Jacques Derrida’s paradox--“Rein n’est intraduisible en un sens, mais en un autre sens tout est intraduisible” (1996)--has now been used so many times as to have become a theoretical chestnut. These discursive phenomena indicate not only that translation has long been the site of rote thinking, but also that it has been grounded on an instrumental model in which it is understood as the reproduction or transfer of an invariant contained in or caused by the source text, an invariant form, meaning, and effect.

            My lecture initiates a rigorous interrogation of proverbial expressions where instrumentalism continues to limit translation commentary. I will start with an examination of the proverb as a genre that is metaphorical and then return a particular translation proverb--“traduttore traditore”--to various contexts where it has been used, both originary and subsequent. The first published use of this proverb seems to have been a sixteenth-century Italian satire, whereafter it was developed in French by sixteenth-century authors, notably the poet Joachim du Bellay. Modern uses examined in the lecture include: a 1929 letter to the editor of the London Times about international business transactions; John Frederick Nims’s 1952 review of Roy Campbell’s translation of San Juan de la Cruz’s poetry for Poetry magazine; Roman Jakobson’s 1959 essay, “On Linguistic Aspects of Translation”; and Arthur Sze’s introduction to his 2001 collection, Silk Dragon: Translations from the Chinese.

The discussion explores how instrumentalism preempts an understanding of translation as an interpretive act that inevitably varies source-text form, meaning, and effect even when the translator maintains a semantic correspondence and a stylistic approximation. At the same time, instrumentalism restricts the definition of the translator’s linguistic competence and leads to notions of untranslatability. Yet if translation is indeed an interpretation, no text is untranslatable since every text can be interpreted. My aim is to defamiliarize notions that have come to be all too familiar as truths of translation, to show how they actually limit thinking about what translation is and does, and to indicate other, more productive directions that thinking can take.

 

Om Venuti: Lawrence Venuti er professor ved Temple University USA. Han er en nestor innen oversettelsesstudier og har også selv praktisert som oversetter. Noen av hans viktigste bøker innen dette feltet er:

  • Rethinking Translation: Discourse, Subjectivity, Ideology (1992) (anthology of essays, editor)
  • The Translator's Invisibility: A History of Translation (1995; 2nd ed. 2008; rpt. with a new introduction in 2017)
  • The Scandals of Translation: Towards an Ethics of Difference (1998) (read a review here).
  • Routledge Encyclopedia of Translation Studies, ed. Mona Baker (1998) (contributor)
  • The Translation Studies Reader (2000; 2nd ed. 2004; 3rd ed. 2012) (a survey of translation theory from antiquity to the present; editor)[9]
  • Translation Changes Everything: Theory and Practice (2013)[10]
  • Teaching Translation: Programs, Courses, Pedagogies (2017) (anthology of essays, editor)

Arrangør

Mathilde Skoie
Publisert 24. sep. 2018 10:01 - Sist endret 24. sep. 2018 10:45