Ni-causatives with Agentive Intransitive Verbs – Human Agent Marking with Dative (completed)
The project is a study of Human Agent Marking with Dative in modern Japanese.
About the project
Causees in morphological causatives with agentive intransitive verbs can be marked by either the accusative particle o or the dative particle ni in modern Japanese. This difference has been explained in terms of the difference in the willingness of the causee: the causee in ni-causatives willingly carries out the action while the causee in o-causatives is coerced to carry out the action.
Adopting Cognitive Grammar, my hypothesis is that morphological causatives with agentive intransitive verbs are modelled on the transitive sentence construction and that the o marking of the causee is the default marking whether the causee is coerced to carry out the action or the causee is willing to do so. To the extent that the causee is marked with ni, it is most likely the later spread and contamination from the ni marking of the causee in morphological causatives with transitive verbs.
The purpose of this research is therefore to show this later spread of the ni marking in corpus analysis.