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Turkish Balkan Dialects (completed)

This project examined the Turkish dialects in the Balkans from a "Sprachbund" point of view, comparing certain characteristics with Greek and Slavonic languages in the area. However, during the time, the project also developed into comprising also older stages of the "standard" Turkish/Ottoman language.

About the project

The Turkish Balkan dalects have through the centuries, and especially after the First World War, been strongly influenced by Slavonic language in the countries where they are spoken, and also by Greek in Greece. It is frequently claimed that certain typical "Balkanisms" in the Turkish dialects, such at the absence of the infinitive, are caused by this influence. In this connection, it has also been necessary to study infinitive constructions in Turkish and Ottoman in general.


The project will at first treat the lacking infinitive constructions and establish whether they are completely absent or if they are used to convey certain meanings rather than others, and also treat the dialectal differences in the use or disuse of infinitive  in the dialect texts available. The data will be evaluated from a diachronic point of view with the first Turkish settlements in the Balkans in the late 14th century as a starting-point. The project has up to now resulted in one article on the Balkan dialects in the 20th century and two on infinitives in the 19th and the 17th centuries.


Bernt Brendemoen: "Some Remarks on the Infinitive in -mA in 17th century Ottoman Turkish". In: Demir, Nurettin, Karakoç, Birsel and Menz, Astrid (eds.): Turcology and Linguistics. Éva Ágnes Csató Festschrft. Ankara: Hacettepe Üniversitesi 2014. p.103–113.

Bernt Brendemoen: "Some remarks on the late Ottoman use of the infinitive in -mA". Will appear in Festschrft Sumru Özsoy.

Bernt Brendemoen:" The Infinitive i -me/-ma in the Turkish Balkan Dialects". Will appear in Turkic Languages.

Published Sep. 26, 2011 1:29 PM - Last modified Feb. 27, 2017 9:43 AM