Research topic: Nordic languages, particularly Norwegian
We consider the Nordic languages to consist of the mainland Scandinavian languages of Norwegian, Danish and Swedish, as well as the Insular Nordic languages of Faroese and Icelandic. Naturally enough, most research carried out in Norway focuses on Norwegian.
In academic circles we call this field of research "Nordic (particularly Norwegian) linguistics". Broadly speaking the field can be divided into two main areas: grammar and linguistic development.
Grammatical research investigates a language's linguistic structure and can be subdivided into the topics of phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics.
Researchers investigating linguistic development examine linguistic changes and variations from a historical, geographical and social perspective.
Researchers into the history of a language are interested in how the language has evolved over the course of time. A key research topic in the history of the Norwegian language is the development of the two official forms of written Norwegian, Bokmål and Nynorsk.
Researchers working in the field of dialectology examine geographical linguistic variations, while social linguists are interested in linguistic variations between different social groups.
Norway is also studied as a second language, with key research topics including: how people learn Norwegian; what it means to be multilingual; and what it means to be part of a linguistic minority.
Lexicography, i.e., the study of vocabulary and dictionary studies, comes within our research area, as does onomatology, which is the study of different types of names, particularly personal names and place names.
The results of our research into Nordic linguistics are relevant to the teaching of Norwegian as a school subject, as well to journalists, employees in central and local government and everyone else who uses Norwegian for work-related purposes.