Macedonia: Day of the Macedonian Revolutionary Struggle (23 October)
This Macedonian public holiday commemorates the day in 1893 when the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) was established.
Goce Delčev, one of the most famous leaders of IMRO
The organization was founded by Hristo Tatarchev, Dame Gruev, Petar Pop-Arsov, Andon Dimitrov, Hristo Batandzhiev and Ivan Hadzhinikolov.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the IMRO was one of national liberation movements operating within the Ottoman Empire. Later on, the movement was considered to be a pro-Bulgarian force in Macedonia.
Following the First World War, the movement gained a reputation as a terrorist group with the goal of expanding Macedonia at the expense of Greece and Serbia/Yugoslavia.
In the 1990s, two right-wing parties emerged out of this movement’s heritage: “VMRO” in Bulgaria and “VMRO-DPMNE” in Macedonia.
In his address on 23 October 2010, the President of the Republic of Macedonia Dr. Gjorge Ivanov said:
“Yes, on this day these six men have established the first All Macedonian Organization, the Organization that over the years changed its name, but in all of its names two adjectives remained: "Macedonian" and "revolutionary". Therefore, on this day, now a national holiday, we celebrate and worship the work of these six Prometheuses. We celebrate the Day of the Macedonian Revolutionary Struggle.”