Research topic: Czech
Czech is a West Slavic language which is used by around 12 million people, most of them in the Czech Republic, where Czech is the official language.
Because Czech is closely related to Slovakian, Czech and Slovakian speakers can understand each other without difficulty.
Czech has seven cases, and stress always falls on the first syllable of every word.
The language differentiates between long and short vowels. Long vowels also occur in unstressed syllables.
The vocabulary in Czech was renewed and enriched from the end of the 1700s onwards with neologisms, loan translations and other loans, especially from German.
Czech uses the Roman alphabet with diacritical marks (special marks which are placed above or below a letter to mark special sounds). The principle for diacritical orthography was introduced by the Czech theologian and writer Jan Hus in the 1400s.
There are major differences between modern spoken and written Czech. Research into the language also gives a deeper insight into language history, Czech stylistics, language standardization and sociolinguistics. The subject explores language, literature and social conditions in the Czech Republic.
Since the Middle Ages, Czech has developed into a cultural language with a high status and a rich literary tradition.
In modern times, the language has been influenced by periods of totalitarian politics, language politics, and the social construction of identity.