Patterns in contrast
Jarle Ebeling & Signe Oksefjell Ebeling
Wednesday 12 September, 14.15; room 489 PAM
In this talk we will outline a method we have applied in the analysis of patterns in contrast. The method involves using corpus-linguistic approaches anchored in previous contrastive and phraseological work. The contrastive approach is inspired by scholars who advocate translations and cross-linguistic correspondences as tertium comparationis (e.g. James 1980, Altenberg 1999, Johansson 1998, 2007). Chesterman's (1998, 2007) methodology and his concept of perceived similarity are also sources of inspiration. The phraseological approach which our method relies on is the neo-Firthian one, where meaning, to a greater extent than is often believed, is said to reside in multi-word units rather than single words. These units, or patterns, and Sinclair's (1996, 1998) extended-unit-of-meaning model are therefore central to our study. To illustrate the method a short case study of the pattern back and forth will be presented.
Altenberg, Bengt. 1999. Adverbial connectors in English and Swedish: Semantic and lexical correspondences. In H. Hasselgård & S. Oksefjell (eds.). Out of Corpora: Studies in Honour of Stig Johansson. Amsterdam/ Atlanta: Rodopi. 249-268.
Chesterman, Andrew. 1998. Contrastive Functional Analysis. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Chesterman, Andrew. 2007. Similarity analysis and the translation profile. In W. Vandeweghe, S. Vandepitte and M. van de Velde (eds.). The Study of Language and Translation. Belgian Journal of Linguistics 21. 53-66.
James, Carl. 1980. Contrastive Analysis. London/ New York: Longman.
Johansson, Stig. 1998. On the role of corpora in cross-linguistic research. In S. Johansson & S. Oksefjell (eds.). Corpora and Cross-linguistic Research: Theory, Method, and Case Studies. Amsterdam/ Atlanta: Rodopi. 3-24.
Johansson, Stig. 2007. Seeing Through Multilingual Corpora: On the Use of Corpora in Contrastive Studies. Amsterdam/ Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Sinclair, John. 1996. The search for units of meaning. Textus IX. 75-106.
Sinclair, John. 1998. The lexical item. In E. Weigand. (ed.). Contrastive Lexical Semantics. Amsterdam/ Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. 1-24.