Guest Lecture (Public): Multilingualism, Normativity, and Hybridity: A Chronotopic-Scalar Approach
Dr Farzad Karimzad will give a talk on chronotopic-scalar approaches to multilingualism.
Multilingualism, Normativity, and Hybridity: A Chronotopic-Scalar Approach
In this presentation, I will draw on my recent research on chronotopes and scales to discuss the issues of hybridity and (non-)discreteness of languages in the study of multilingual discourse. While some applied linguistics scholars have introduced several new terms (e.g. translanguaging ) to replace code-switching, arguing for a shift away from characterization of multilingualism as the sum of several discrete languages (see Canagarajah 2013), others reject the idea of Non-discreteness of codes, maintaining that these neologisms do not represent a major theoretical advance (MacSwan 2017; Auer 2019). I will argue for the utility of a chronotopic-scalar system of images and resolutions in addressing these controversies and presenting more accurate analyses of the complex nature of multilingual practices.
I will present different types of data from my broader ethnographic study of Iranian Azerbaijanis to lay out the different theoretical and analytical components of this sociolinguistic system and illustrate how multilingual discourse could be approached from this perspective. I will specifically discuss the significance of attending to chronotopic-scalar arrangements in multilingual language use - as they specifically relate to participants' ideological orientations and the availability and accessibility of linguistic / semiotic resources in their repertoires - and the utility of this approach in analyzing not only social actors' dynamic use of semiotic resources in meaning-making processes, but also their language ideologies and language-ideological practices, which rely heavily on the perceptions of languages as discrete systems.
About the speaker
Farzad Karimzad is an Assistant Professor of Applied Linguistics in the Department of English at Salisbury University, USA. His research focuses on theorizing context and semiosis in relation to issues of normativity, mobility, and marginality, and the implications of these theories for sociolinguistic and anthropological studies of (multilingual) discourse and behavior. His recent work has been published in numerous journals such as the Journal of Sociolinguistics, Language in Society, Language and Communication, Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, and Applied Linguistics. His new book (co-authored with Lydia Catedral), “Chronotopes and Migration: Language, Social Imagination, and Behavior”, published by Routledge is scheduled to be available in March 2021.