Talks, Seminars and Lectures
Talks from guest lecturers and visiting scientists at LCE.
Karina van Dalen-Oskam: Novel Perceptions. Comparing Literary Values in Different Countries
How do novels’ textual features shape readers' perceptions of literary value? Professor Karina van Dalen-Oskam will visit LCE to speak about her innovative research on perceptions of literary quality.
Time and place: Nov. 2, 2020 15:15 PM, Zoom.
Which features of a novel help readers perceive it as having high or low literary quality? Can we trace a clear genre hierarchy in the perception of readers, and if so, how are literary novels by female authors valued compared to those written by men?
In this lecture, Professor Karina van Dalen-Oskam will respond to these questions by presenting her cutting-edge research on perceptions of literary value.
Uncovering literary trends
Karina van Dalen-Oskam is principal investigator in the Dutch collaborative project The Riddle of Literary Quality. The project applies a mixed-methods approach to investigate the relationship between a novel’s formal characteristics and literary quality.
Using surveys and stylometry tools (computational stylistics), the group investigates the relationship between readers’ opinions and formal characteristics in a corpus of 400 novels. The results uncover literary trends in the Netherlands which, the collaborators suspect, may be a reflection of still existing inequalities and gender-bias in Dutch society today.
Karina van Dalen-Oskam will describe the methods and findings from the project in more detail. She will also talk about how they are now taking the project globally, starting with the United Kingdom, to see whether a comparable approach uncovers the same or different conventions in other countries.
Karina van Dalen-Oskam will also visit the LCE Reading Group.
Karina van Dalen-Oskam (external link) is head of the department of Literary Studies at Huygens Institute for the History of the Netherlands and Professor in Computational Literary Studies at the University of Amsterdam.
Talk with Gunnhild Øyehaug at Forskningsdagene
LCE hosts a talk entitled “Your Brain on Books: Gunnhild Øyehaug’s ‘Dreamwriter’” at The House of Literature. Link to Facebook event.
Time and place: Sep. 16, 2020 7:00 PM–8:00 PM, The House of Literature, Amalie Skram
Photo: David Matos, Unsplash
We know that literature affects us – but how? We trace the trajectory between the author’s imagination, literary expressions through language and the reader’s brain. Listen to Gunnhild Øyehaug read her short story "Draumskrivar" and discover how your own reading experience comes to life.
Some parts of the event will be held in English. Gunnhild joins us digitally via Zoom.
Panel participants: Alexandra Effe, Ylva Østby, Karin Kukkonen and Gunnhild Øyehaug.
Due to covid-19 restrictions, organizers must register who is in the audience. Therefore, free tickets must be reserved in advance. Free tickets will be made available 11 September 09 AM and can be reserved on this webpage.
Lecture with Alan Fiske: Semantic, Narrative, and Procedural Representations of and for Emotions
Alan Fiske, Professor of Anthropology at the UCLA, speaks on different ways of remember-knowing, using examples from literature.
Time and place: Apr. 29, 2020 4:00 PM–6:00 PM, Zoom
Cognitive science distinguishes among a number of distinct memory systems that are at the same time systems of representation of what is currently occurring or what might happen in the future. In particular, it is interesting to consider three ways of remember-knowing an emotion: semantic-conceptual, narrative (‘episodic’), and procedural. Any two ways of remember-knowing an emotion consist of different sorts of ‘information,’ represented in distinct ways –no two are equivalent. Moreover, a person or a culture may remember-know an emotion in one or two of these ways without remember-knowing it in the other way(s). Scientific (and other scholarly) ways of semantically knowing an emotion must take in account these three (and other) folk ways of remember-knowing an emotion, but must transcend them – because the functions of scientific models differ from the functions of folk models. I illustrate these issues with respect to the scientific construct of kama muta and some of the semantic, narrative, and procedural folk ways of remember-knowing kama muta. I focus on literary narratives, including poetry.
RITMO seminar with Karin Kukkonen on the multiple speeds of literary narrative
Time and place: Nov. 12, 2019 1:15 PM–3:00 PM, Forsamlingssalen, Harald Schjelderups hus
In a seminar hosted by RITMO, Karin Kukkonen will explore the multiple speeds in narrative.
Link to event here
Digital fiction at HumSam with Kate Pullinger and Matt Hayler
In collaboration with LCE, the Humanities and Social Sciences Library and Litteratur på Blå are hosting a talk on literary fiction and new digital formats.
Time and place: Oct. 31, 2019 6:00 PM–8:00 PM, Sophus Bugge
Kate Pullinger, author of Breathe and Professor of Creative Writing and Digital literature, along with Matt Hayler, Senior Lecturer in Contemporary Literature and Contemporary Cultures, discuss what happens when literature becomes digital. The conversation will be moderated by Karin Kukkonen.
Link to event at the University Library
LCE lecture at UiO’s annual Teachers' Open Day
Time and place: Oct. 31, 2019 11:15 AM–12:00 PM, Eilert Sundts hus, Auditorium 4
Olivia Fialho and Karin Kukkonen speak on the pedagogical applications of literature in the classroom and "transformative readings".
Lecture with Sibylle Baumbach on literary attention
Sibylle Baumbach speaks on attention and literature in a lecture entitled “From the Brain Attic to Moral Attention: Literary Attention and the Short Story”.
Time and place: Sep. 19, 2019 10:00 AM–12:00 PM, P.A Munch, room 1
Photo: Ylva Østby
We live in a culture of distraction. The lure of 24/7 connectivity and the sheer unlimited access to information have given rise to growing attention anxieties and sparked a new interest in mechanisms of attention and distraction in cognitive psychology. These anxieties, however, are nothing new: instead, as Baumbach will argue in this talk, they have fundamentally guided the development of literary genres, especially the development of the short story. Based on selected case studies, from Arthur Conan Doyle to Ian McEwan and Hilary Mantel, she will further examine this connection and discuss to what extent short stories help promote a new kind of literary attention by countering cultural anxieties of inattention and engaging in a growing attention economy.
Sibylle Baumbach is professor of English literature at the University of Stuttgart. She works on cognitive literary studies, the aesthetics of fascination and literary attention.
Book launch with Stephan Guth
Time and place: Sep. 13, 2019 1:15 PM–2:15 PM, Scene HumSam
Stephan Guth launches his latest book, Literary visions of the Middle East, an anthology containing over 40 texts of modern Arabic, Turkish, Persian and Hebrew fiction.
Link to event here
Lecture with Johanna Kaakinen on emotions, physical movement and literature
In a lecture entitled “Emotional engagement with literary stories: Evidence from motion capture recordings and eye movements”, Johanna Kaakinen speaks on the interaction between feelings and understanding in literary reading
Time and place: Sep. 11, 2019 10:00 AM–12:00 PM, P.A Munch, seminarroom 360
Photo: Ylva Østby
Literary texts, such as erotica or horror stories, are written with the purpose of inducing emotional reactions in readers (Mar, Oatley, Djikic & Mullin, 2011). However, very little is known about how the emotional engagement induced by text content influence the processing of text (but see Ballenghein, Megalakaki & Baccino, 2019; Wallentin, et al., 2011). In a series of recent laboratory studies, Johanna Kaakinen have examined how readers interact with erotica and horror stories by utilizing a combination of motion capture and eye movement recordings. She will present the results of these studies and discuss how they advance our understanding of the role of emotions in text comprehension (Kintsch, 1998).
Johanna K. Kaakinen is senior research fellow at the Turku Institute for Advanced Studies & Department of Psychology in Finland. She investigates the role of emotions in text comprehension by the use of eye tracking.
Lecture with Winfried Menninghaus on emotions and art
September 5th, Winfried Menninghaus speaks on “The Enjoyment of Negative Emotions in Art-Reception”
Time and place: Sep. 5, 2019 10:00 AM–12:00 PM, P.A Munchs hus, room 360
Ever since Aristotle’s theory of tragedy, it is a key of poetics and aesthetics to explain why and how we can experience negative emotions in conjunction with feelings of pleasure. The lecture presents a new explanatory model for this issue, along with a series of empirical studies that informed this model.
Winfried Menninghaus is director of the Department of Language and Literature at the Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics (Frankfurt am Main).
His research interests include empirical studies on literature, feelings and aesthetic experience.
Siri Hustvedt at Blå
Siri Hustvedt discusses her latest novel, Memories of the Future, with Karin Kukkonen at Blå.
Time and place: May 31, 2019 7:00 PM–10:00 PM, Brenneriveien 9c, Oslo 0182
Photo: Spencer Ostrander
Litteratur på Blå together with the Literature, Cognition and Emotions group will host a conversation between Siri Hustvedt and Karin Kukkonen. Hustvedt, prize-winning author of both fiction and non-fiction, will discuss her latest novel, Memories of the Future, and how it situates itself in her own authorship as well as within contemporary literature. The conversation will be held in English.
Reverse engineering literary cognition: a view from dyspraxia and learning disorders
Guest lecture by Gunther Martens (Ghent University). Open for all.
Time and place: May 9, 2018 2:15 PM, P. A. Munchs hus, rom 389
About the lecture
There has been an avid uptake of the paradigm of embodiment and distributed cognition in cognitive literary and film studies. However, little attention has been paid to the way in which the mind’s interaction with an increasingly technological and digitized environment invites us to reconsider aspects of automation related to cognition itself. In my talk, I will present an invitation to leave the via regia of felicitous, high-level cognition in order to focus on the sensorimotor basis of cognition and potential problems related to executive functioning and working memory.
While drawing on recent theories of the psychology of learning disorders, I will reflect on the current state of the debate by taking a historical detour, namely through a discussion of Robert Musil’s The Man without Qualities. I will argue that Musil, who trained as an engineer and an experimental psychologist, wrote one of the first literary works conceived from the vantage point of information overload and sensory processing issues. In a second step, I will explore theoretical and imaginative scenarios of distributed cognition and “cognitive assemblages” (Hayles) by means of an overview of both advances in digital humanities and recent works of science fiction (e.g. Dietmar Dath).
Cognitive Tropes of Memory: Constructions of Hope and Trauma
In this guest lecture, Andrea Lešić-Thomas will talk about the cognitive tropes of memory.
Time and place: Oct. 19, 2017 2:15 PM–4:00 PM, P.A. Munchs hus, seminar room 360
Dr Andrea Lešić-Thomas teaches literary theory at the Comparative Literature and Librarianship Department at the Philosophy Faculty, University of Sarajevo.
This paper will explore the possibilities of using the insights of cognitive poetics in the study of literary memory texts, and, from there, in the study of cultural memory formation and regulation.
The basic idea to be examined is how the use of tropes (understood, following Lakoff & Johnson, Fauconnier and Turner, as tools for the cognitive organisation of the world represented in the literary text, and not just as its stylistic features) plays a part in the organisation of memories, both as methods for coding and decoding memories, and as conceptual tools for thinking about the processes of memory.
Defining memory not as a reliable mental record of past events, but as a process of meaning-creation which is highly context-dependent, goal-oriented and, in many cases, and preferably, future-oriented, I shall argue that the problems of memory start when it falls prey to rigid patterns of cultural stereotype and cliché, which restrict its ability to produce new meanings and adapt to new contextual circumstances.
My argument is that the conceptual tropes we use for imagining and regulating memory, both personal and cultural, significantly influence the levels of flexibility and inclusiveness of meaning and identity generated by memory processes, and can enable or disrupt the creation of stereotypes and clichés.
In the case of traumatic memories, whether we end up with endless pain and impasse or with renewal and hope will be, at least in part, the result of the kind of trope that was used for working through those traumatic memories. The principal cognitive tropes I shall explore will be the metaphors TRADE and VOID, the metonymies PHOTOGRAPH and MUSEUM, and the synecdoche DOCUMENT.
Literary texts and the cultural context used as illustration for my main points will be the contemporary literature and culture of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Dr Andrea Lešić-Thomas has studied (Belgrade and London), taught (School of Slavonic and East European Studies and Queen Mary, both University of London, and currently Philosophy Faculty, University of Sarajevo) and written on comparative literature (Russian, French and South Slav literatures) and literary theory (in particular structuralism, narratology, and Bakhtin, as well as memory studies). She currently teaches literary theory at the Comparative Literature and Librarianship Department at the Philosophy Faculty, University of Sarajevo, and conducts research on memory studies, cognitive poetics, love stories, and vampires. She is the author of the book Bahtin, Bart, strukturalizam: Književnost kao spoznaja i mogućnost slobode, Beograd: Službeni glasnik, 2011.
Fiction and Cognition
A multidisciplinary approach (neuroscience, history, literary theory).
Guest lecture by Noëlle Batt (Paris VIII).
Time and place: May 15, 2017 1:15 PM, P. A. Munchs building 389.
Professor emeritus Noëlle Batt.
After defining the concept « fiction » in relation to other concepts and notions (« interpretation », « imagination », « invention », « representation », « cogitatio »… ; « image », « aspect », « thought experiment », « phantasma »…), we shall study the way it is used in different disciplines by different authors : neuroscience (Lionel Naccache, Marc Jeannerod), history (Patrick Boucheron, Carlo Ginzburg), literary theory (Gérard Genette, Jean-Marie Schaeffer).
Noëlle Batt is Professor emeritus of American literature and literary theory at the University Paris VIII-Vincennes. She directed for 20 years a research program on « Literature and Cognition » and was the director of the Journal TLE (Théorie, Littérature, Epistémologie) published by the University Press of Paris VIII (Presses Universitaires de Vincennes (PUV).
Noëlle Batt is also a member of the seminar « Literature and the Mind » (University of California at Santa Barbara) and of SLSA (Society for literature, science and the arts).
Memory and Intertextuality in Eliot and Shakespeare
Talk by Raphael Lyne (University of Cambridge, UK). This lecture is connected to the researcher group "Literature, Cognition and Emotions".
Time and place: Nov. 14, 2016 1:15 PM, P. A. Munchs building, room 389
Raphael Lyne (University of Cambridge, UK).
In my book Memory and Intertextuality in Renaissance Literature (2016) I wrote about Shakespeare's use of Plutarch in a famously derivative passage in Antony and Cleopatra: 'the barge she sat in, like a burnished throne...'. I want to extend the scope of the book by turning to another famously derivative passage in T.S. Eliot's The Waste Land: 'the chair she sat in, like a burnished throne...'.
I aim to think further into the ways in which we can think about literature through memory, and memory through literature -- and further into both Shakespeare and Eliot. I will turn to Charles Fernyhough's Pieces of Light: The New Science of Memory (2013), which explores the reconstructive nature of remembering, to find terms and frameworks in which to consider intertextual reconstructions as things emerging in the text's present, not windows into its past.
While doing so, in response to Rita Felski's The Limits of Critique (2015), I will suggest some ways in which a cognitive approach to literature might offer an alternative to a 'hermeneutics of suspicion', stressing affinities and affordances, the collaborative work of making a play or a poem.
Literature and humour: A relevance theory approach
Talk by Francisco Yus (University of Alicante, Spain). This lecture is connected to the researcher group "Literature, Cognition and Emotions".
Time and place:Oct. 10, 2016 1:15 PM, P. A. Munchs building, room 389
In this talk, I am going to review several aspects pertaining to literature and humour.
Firstly, I will introduce briefly some of the basic tenets of relevance theory which are supposed to be at work in the production and interpretation of any kind of discourse (utterances, typed messages, written texts).
Secondly, I will propose an extension of the relevance-theoretic model so as to include a pair of terms that are essential to explain the outcome of certain kinds of communication such as irony, humour or Internet-mediated discourse: the terms contextual constraint and non-intended non-propositional effect.
Thirdly, some ideas on the application of relevance theory to literature and humour, taken separately, will be provided.
Finally, some ideas on how the possible analysis of the specificity of humour in literature will be put forward, in an attempt to provide a valid explanation to the fact that long sequences of discourse such as novels cannot have the same clear structure as do shorter forms of humorous discourse such as jokes or short stand-up comedy monologues.