Norwegian version of this page

Traces of History (completed)

Traces of History seeks to understand why certain aspects of a language may remain whereas others change. The main focus of attention is the Verb Second word order in the Germanic and the Romance languages.

The project is funded by the Norwegian Research Council and will run from 2014 till 2018.

Traces of History i says with letters. Logo.About the project

Verb second word order (V2) is extremely rare in the languages of the world. However, this word order has proven itself robust in the Germanic languages for more than a millennium. In the Middle Ages, Romance languages also had V2, but these languages lost this feature. The only Romance language that still displays V2 is Rhaeto-Romance. We want to understand these processes better. What did the Germanic languages have in common that served to preserve V2? Are there still traces of the V2 configuration in Modern Romance languages? These are the core questions of the Traces of History project.



Stone bricks on ground and shoes. Photo.






In the media

December 2015, University of Cambridge: Never was so much owned by so many to so few.

April 2015, University of Central Florida: Highlights

November 21st 2014, Arizona State Uiversity.

April 25th 2014,  University of Central Florida: Highlights.

March 2014, (in Norwegian only)

February 10th 2014, Eidsvoll Ullensaker Blad (in Norwegian only)


A group of people looking at the camera. Photo.

Published May 12, 2014 3:24 PM - Last modified Apr. 16, 2020 5:05 PM