Areas of expertise: Applied ethics, political philosophy, environmental ethics, environmental philosophy, biodiversity, climate change
Areas of competence: Philosophy of science, sociology, some meta-ethics
I am currently a postdoctoral fellow at UiO (2022-2025), working on rights of nature and relational values as a part of the research project Dynamic Territory. The research reflects and continues my prior research commitments on environmental ethics and epistemology, but extends those topics to also scrutinize the concept of 'rights' and the possibilities of ascribing rightful claims to entities in nature, or nature itself. I will also investigate the possible obligations arising out of relations to nature.
Prior to my current position, I was most recently a postdoctoral researcher at Malmö University in Sweden (2020-2022). There I primarily focused on energy justice and scenarios, as well as participated in a project on research ethics in citizen science. Prior to that position, I was a postdoctoral researcher at the Swedish Biodiversity Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (2017-2019), scrutinizing biodiversity and different axiological and political dimensions of it.
I conducted my PhD studies at the Philosophy Unit of the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm (2010-2016). My dissertation covered epistemic and normative uncertainties in climate change adaptation specifically, and in sustainability more generally.
Awards and Funding
- Seal of Excellence, two Marie Sklodowska Curie Actions applications (2019 and again 2020) scoring high enough to being 'scored as a high-quality project proposal in a highly competitive evaluation process' by the European Commission.
2021: Co-principal investigator (with Principal Investigator: Anders Melin of Malmö University). ‘Value conflicts in urban biodiversity management – case studies of Swedish municipalities’, Swedish research council FORMAS, 2022-2024. Total sum (Swedish Krona SEK): 2 970 861 (Declined active participation due to postdoctoral position at the University of Oslo 2022-2025. Remained part of advisory group)
2019: Co-principal investigator (with Principal Investigator: Per Sandin of Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences).’Research ethics for citizen science’, Swedish research council FORMAS, 2020-2022 (extended due to Covid-19 delays).Total sum (Swedish Krona SEK): 2 928 000 (Was an active participant during 2020-2022, declined later participation due to postdoctoral position at the University of Oslo 2022-2025. Remain peripherally involved in project and in advisory group.)
- 2020-2022: P ostdoctoral researcher, Department of Global Political Studies, Malmö University (in Sweden). Two projects: justice in energy scenarios (0.8 FTE), and research ethics in citizen science (0.15 FTE)
- 2017-2019: Postdoctoral researcher, Swedish Biodiversity Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Project on biodiversity, ethics, and uncertainty (1.0 FTE)
- 2010-2016: Graduate student, Philosophy unit, Royal Institute of Technology (in Sweden). My PhD project focused on epistemic and normative aspects of climate change adaptation.
- Baard, P., 2022. Ethics in Biodiversity Conservation. London and New York: Routledge, ISBN: 9780367627645.
- Baard, P., & Melin, A., 2022. ‘Max power: Identifying minimum capability thresholds and maximum ceilings for just energy footprints’, Science & Engineering Ethics.
- Baard, P., 2021. ‘Knowledge, participation and the future: Epistemic quality in energy scenario construction’. Energy Research & Social Science 75
- Baard, P., 2021. ‘Biocentric individualism and biodiversity conservation: An argument from parsimony’. Environmental Values 30(1): 93-110
- Baard, P. & Ahteensuu, M., 2019. ‘Ethics in conservation’. Journal for Nature Conservation 52
- Baard, P., 2019. ‘The goodness of means: Instrumental and relational values, causation, and environmental policies’. Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics 32(1): 183-199
- Baard, P. 2016. ‘Risk-Reducing Goals: Ideals and Abilities When Managing Complex Environmental Risks’. Journal of Risk Research 19(2): 164-180
- Baard, P. 2015. 'Change of Plans?: An Environmental Pragmatist View on Reconsidering Long-term Goals'. Environmental Philosophy 12(2): 185-204
- Baard, P. 2015. ‘Managing Climate Change: A View from Deep Ecology’. Ethics & the Environment 20(1): 23-44.
Baard, P. 2015. ‘Adaptive Ideals and Aspirational Goals: The Realist Constraints and Utopian Ideals of Climate Change Adaptation’. Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics 28(4): 739-757.
Baard, P., and K. Edvardsson Björnberg. 2015. ‘Cautious Utopias: Environmental Goal-Setting with Long Time-Frames’. Ethics, Policy & Environment 18(2): 187-201
Baard, P., M. Vredin Johansson, H. Carlsen, and K. Edvardsson Björnberg. 2012. ‘Scenarios and Sustainability’, Local Environment 17: 641-662.
- Baard, P. 2021. ‘Fundamental challenges for rights of nature’, in Corrigan, D. and Oksanen, M. (eds.). Rights of Nature: A Re-examination. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN: 978-03-6747-959-6
- Baard, P. 2020. ‘Conflicting advice: Resolving conflicting moral recommendations in climate and environmental ethics’, in Walsh, Z., and Henning, B. (eds.) Climate Change Ethics and the Non-human World. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN: 978-03-6740-610-3
- Baard, P. and Wikman Svahn, P. 2016. 'Do we have a residual obligation to engineer the climate, as a matter of justice?', in Preston, C. (ed.) Climate Justice & Geoengineering. UK: Rowman & Little field: 49-62. ISBN: 978-17-8348-636-6
- Baard, P., 2016. Cautiously utopian goals: Philosophical analyses of climate change objectives and sustainability targets (Royal Institute of Technology). This is a compilation thesis consisting of six articles (five listed above, plus one unpublished article). The introduction can be read here.
- An interview about my anthology contribution on 'rights of nature' can be read online.
- 'Research on display', an online exhibition at Malmö University (in Sweden) where I was invited to present an anthology contribution in 2021. The seminar and interview is available online (the Swedish version of the website also contains some book and art tips).
- Baard, P., & Melin, A., 2022. Guest editors of Tidskrift för Politisk Filosofi [Journal of Political Philosophy], theme issue on Energy Justice. (Read our editorial)
- Guest at ‘Vetenskapsradion’ [‘Science radio’] on Swedish national radio SR, 6/1/2020. [Roughly between 56:55-1:00:55]
- In 2019 I organized seminar series at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, on Biodiversity and ethics
- Baard, P., 2021. ‘Energiomställningar – Framtiden, kunskap och deltagande’ [Energy transitions – The future, knowledge and participation]
- Baard, P., 2020. ‘Biologisk mångfald och etik: Om artrikedom och naturvärden’, Tidskrift för Politisk Filosofi 2020:1.[‘Biodiversity and ethics: On species diversity and natural value’, Journal of Political Philosophy]
- Baard, P. 2018. ‘Värdet av variation’ [‘The value of variation’]. Biodiverse, number 2-3.
- Baard, P. 2017. ‘Artutrotning och etik’ [‘Species extinction and ethics’]. Biodiverse, number 4.
- Baard, P. 2016. ‘Klimat och osäkerhet: att formulera försiktiga utopier’. [Climate and uncertainty: to formulate cautious utopias]. Ikaros – tidskrift om människan och vetenskapen 1-2.2016.