Patrik Baard

Postdoctoral Fellow - IFIKK
Image of Patrik Baard
Norwegian version of this page
Room 403
Visiting address Blindernveien 31 Georg Morgenstiernes hus 0313 Oslo
Postal address Postboks 1020 Blindern 0315 Oslo

Academic interests

Areas of expertise: Applied ethics, political philosophy, environmental ethics, environmental philosophy, research ethics, citizen science, normative and epistemological issues pertaining to biodiversity, and climate change

Areas of competence: Philosophy of science, sociology, some meta-ethics


I am currently a postdoctoral fellow at UiO (2022-2025), working on rights of nature and relational values as a part of the research project Dynamic Territory. The research reflects and continues my prior research commitments on environmental ethics and epistemology, but extends those topics to also scrutinize the concept of 'rights' and the possibilities of ascribing rightful claims to entities in nature, or nature itself. I will also investigate the possible obligations arising out of relations to nature.

Prior to my current position, I was most recently a postdoctoral researcher at Malmö University in Sweden (2020-2022). There I primarily focused on energy justice and scenarios, as well as participated in a project on research ethics in citizen science. Prior to that position, I was a postdoctoral researcher at the Swedish Biodiversity Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (2017-2019), scrutinizing biodiversity and different axiological and political dimensions of it.  

I conducted my PhD studies at the Philosophy Unit of the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm (2010-2016). My dissertation covered epistemic and normative uncertainties in climate change adaptation specifically, and in sustainability more generally. 

In addition to my research background I have also worked as an analyst for several Swedish governmental organizations, such as the Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet), and the National Council for Crime Prevention (Brottsförebyggande rådet). 

Awards and Funding

  • Seal of Excellence, two Marie Sklodowska Curie Actions applications (2019 and again 2020) scoring high enough to being 'scored as a high-quality project proposal in a highly competitive evaluation process' by the European Commission.
  • 2021: Co-principal investigator (with Principal Investigator: Anders Melin of Malmö University). ‘Value conflicts in urban biodiversity management – case studies of Swedish municipalities’, Swedish research council FORMAS, 2022-2024. Total sum (Swedish Krona SEK): 2 970 861 (Declined active participation due to postdoctoral position at the University of Oslo 2022-2025. Remained part of advisory group)

  • 2019: Co-principal investigator (with Principal Investigator: Per Sandin of Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences).’Research ethics for citizen science’, Swedish research council FORMAS, 2020-2022 (extended due to Covid-19 delays).Total sum (Swedish Krona SEK): 2 928 000 (Was an active participant during 2020-2022, declined later participation due to postdoctoral position at the University of Oslo 2022-2025. Remain peripherally involved in project and in advisory group.)

Positions held

  • 2020-2022: P ostdoctoral researcher, Department of Global Political Studies, Malmö University (in Sweden). Two projects: justice in energy scenarios (0.8 FTE), and research ethics in citizen science (0.15 FTE)
  • 2017-2019: Postdoctoral researcher, Swedish Biodiversity Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Project on biodiversity, ethics, and uncertainty (1.0 FTE)
  • 2010-2016: Graduate student, Philosophy unit, Royal Institute of Technology (in Sweden). My PhD project focused on epistemic and normative aspects of climate change adaptation.



Peer-reviewed articles 

Anthology chapters:

  • Baard, P. 2021. ‘Fundamental challenges for rights of nature’, in Corrigan, D. and Oksanen, M. (eds.). Rights of Nature: A Re-examination. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN: 978-03-6747-959-6
  • Baard, P. 2020. ‘Conflicting advice: Resolving conflicting moral recommendations in climate and environmental ethics’, in Walsh, Z., and Henning, B. (eds.) Climate Change Ethics and the Non-human World. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN: 978-03-6740-610-3
  • Baard, P. and Wikman Svahn, P. 2016. 'Do we have a residual obligation to engineer the climate, as a matter of justice?', in Preston, C. (ed.) Climate Justice & Geoengineering. UK: Rowman & Little field: 49-62. ISBN: 978-17-8348-636-6


  • Baard, P., 2016. Cautiously utopian goals: Philosophical analyses of climate change objectives and sustainability targets (Royal Institute of Technology). This is a compilation thesis consisting of six articles (five listed above, plus one unpublished article). The introduction can be read here

Outreach activities

In English

  • An interview about my anthology contribution on 'rights of nature' can be read online
  • 'Research on display', an online exhibition at Malmö University (in Sweden) where I was invited to present an anthology contribution in October 28, 2021. The seminar and interview is available online.

In Swedish

  • Baard, P., & Melin, A., 2022. Guest editors of Tidskrift för Politisk Filosofi [Journal of Political Philosophy], theme issue on Energy Justice.  (Read our editorial)
  • Guest at ‘Vetenskapsradion’ [‘Science radio’] on Swedish national radio SR, 6/1/2020.  [Roughly between 56:55-1:00:55] 
  • In 2019 I organized seminar series at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, on Biodiversity and ethics

Popular science: 

Reports (in Swedish)

As researcher

As analyst


Tags: Philosophy, Ethics, Applied philosophy, Political philosophy, Applied Ethics, environmental philosophy
Published Apr. 5, 2022 11:27 AM - Last modified Sep. 23, 2022 9:10 AM