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Rebel Governance in the Middle East (RebelGov) (completed)

The role of kinship groups in the sociopolitical organization of insurgent proto-states. 

Soldier in Afghanistan.

Rebel soldier in Afghanistan. (CC0 1.0) 

The guiding research questions of the RebelGov-project are:

  • How do rebel governments and kinship groups shape and influence one another?
  • What influences their relationship and power balance and what consequences do different bargains have for civilians in rebel-held areas?

About the project

The project aimed at bringing together anthropological (kinship) and social science (conflict studies) perspectives in the study of rebel governance and its sociopolitical organization, using case studies from the Middle East.

Its point of departure is rather intuitive: Wherever rebel-held areas are inhabited by a civilian population, remnants of the old order will often be in place, ranging from civilian bureaucracies, religious institutions, merchant associations, local militias, and tribal mediation councils.

Following the establishment of territorial control, the emerging rebel proto-state will be shaped by processes of negotiation between remaining societal forces and the insurgents. Hence, sociopolitical organization in rebel controlled areas can only be understood if these interactions between “the preexisting” and “the incoming” are properly explored, including the encounter with kinship-based groups.


Five cases of rebel rule in the Middle East, including Afghanistan, where one also finds strong patrilineal descent groups, was compared through the project.


This project received financing from Independent projects (FRIPRO) at The Research Council of Norway (NFR) and was finished 31.1.2022.


  • Tuastad, Dag Henrik (2022). Jo svakere rettsstat, jo sterkere tradisjonell lov på Vestbredden . Babylon - Nordisk tidsskrift for Midtøstenstudier. ISSN 1503-5727.
  • Tuastad, Dag Henrik (2022). "Hamas and the clans: Islamizing tribal justice or tribalizing Islamic justice?". Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal. ISSN 2380-2014.
  • Sogge, Erling Lorentzen (2019). "Du stinkar også". Ungdomsopprør og protestrørsler i dei palestinske leirane i Libanon. Babylon - Nordisk tidsskrift for Midtøstenstudier. ISSN 1503-5727. p. 28–43. doi: 10.5617/ba.7057. Full text in Research Archive

View all works in Cristin

  • Tuastad, Dag Henrik (2021). Hvordan presse dem man boikotter? Aftenposten (morgenutg. : trykt utg.). ISSN 0804-3116.
  • Tuastad, Dag Henrik (2021). Israel hjemsøkes av egne overgrep - Gaza-konflikten. Dagbladet. ISSN 0805-3766.
  • Sogge, Erling Lorentzen (2020). Palestinian Refugee First Responders Rush to Aid Beirut. Middle East Report. ISSN 0899-2851.
  • Sogge, Erling Lorentzen (2019). The Youth of Balata: A Generation of Hopelessness. Jadaliyya.
  • Nordenson, Jon; Dølerud, Magnus & Sogge, Erling Lorentzen (2019). En ny kurs for Libanon? Babylon - Nordisk tidsskrift for Midtøstenstudier. ISSN 1503-5727. 1, p. 52–57.

View all works in Cristin

Tags: Middle East, Anthropology, Social Science, Governance, Justice, Public, Gender Studies
Published Dec. 4, 2017 4:44 PM - Last modified May 25, 2022 1:08 PM