Åshild Næss

Professor - Linguistics
Image of Åshild Næss
Norwegian version of this page
Phone +47 22844093
Mobile phone +47 47236771
Room HW531
Available hours By appointment
Username
Visiting address Niels Henrik Abels vei 36 Henrik Wergelands hus 0313 Oslo
Postal address Postboks 1102 Blindern 0317 Oslo

Academic interests

My primary research interests fall into two main areas: Language typology, with a focus on transitivity and argument structure, and fieldwork-based documentation and description of the languages of the Reef Islands in the southwest Pacific. I am also interested in language contact and historical linguistics, with a focus on how the languages of Solomon Islands' Temotu Province are related to each other and to the rest of the Oceanic language family, and what this can tell us about the settlement history of this region of the Pacific. I'm PI of a research project, funded by the Research Council of Norway and in collaboration with the Australian National University, which uses the Austronesian language family to study the functional underpinnings of transitivity and grammatical relations, and how these grammaticalise. 

Courses taught

LING2113 Language typology

LING4140 Methods in linguistic research

LING4170 Language endangerment and conservation (autumn 2017)

Examen facultatum, linguistics variant

Background

I hold a PhD (cum laude) in linguistics from the Radboud University Nijmegen, the Netherlands, and an MA in linguistics from the University of Oslo. My previous appointments include postdoc positions on the projects Identity Matters: Movement and Place (University of Oslo) and Breaking the Time Barrier: Structural Traces of the Sahul Past (Radboud University Nijmegen), editorial assistant on the Norwegian Dictionary Project (Norsk Ordbok 2014), Visiting Professor at the University of Zürich and Senior Lecturer at the University of Newcastle, Australia.

Partners

Member of the Evolution of Semantic Systems Research consortium 

Collaborating researcher on the project 'Ergativity in comprehension and production: language typology and processing' (http://www.research-projects.uzh.ch/p21996.htm)

Tags: Linguistics, Language documentation, Linguistic typology, Language contact, Oceanic languages

Publications

Næss, Åshild. 2018. Standing up to the canoe: competing cognitive biases in the encoding of stative spatial relations in a language with a single spatial preposition. Cognitive Linguistics 29:4, 807-841.

Næss, Åshild. 2018. Beyond roots and affixes: Äiwoo deverbal nominals and the typology of bound lexical morphemes. Studies in Language 41:4, 914-955.

Næss, Åshild. 2017. A short dictionary of Äiwoo. Canberra: Asia-Pacific Linguistics. Online open access: https://openresearch-repository.anu.edu.au/handle/1885/112469

Næss, Åshild. 2015. The Äiwoo verb phrase: syntactic ergativity without pivots. Journal of Linguistics 51, 75-106.  

Næss, Åshild. 2015. Voice at the crossroads: symmetrical clause alternations in Äiwoo, Reef Islands, Solomon Islands. Oceanic Linguistics 54: 1, 270-307.

Næss, Åshild, and Even Hovdhaugen. 2011. A grammar of Vaeakau-Taumako. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton.

Næss, Åshild. 2011. Cutting and breaking in Äiwoo: event integration and the complexity of lexical expressions. Cognitive Linguistics 23: 2, 395-420.

Næss, Åshild, and Mathias Jenny. 2011. Who changes language? Bilingualism and structural change in Burma and the Reef Islands. Journal of Language Contact, VARIA IV, 217-249.

Næss, Åshild. 2007. Prototypical transitivity. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.  

Ross, Malcolm, and Åshild Næss. 2007. An Oceanic origin for Äiwoo, the language of the Reef Islands? Oceanic Linguistics 46: 2, 456-498.

  • Næss, Åshild (2021). Äiwoo wâtu and the typology of comparatives. Studies in Language. ISSN 0378-4177. 45(4), p. 938–967.
  • Næss, Åshild (2021). Voice and valency morphology in Äiwoo. Oceanic Linguistics. ISSN 0029-8115. 60(1), p. 160–198. doi: 10.1353/ol.2021.0005. Full text in Research Archive
  • Næss, Åshild (2020). Looking for words in the Reef Islands: bound roots in Äiwoo and their descriptive and documentary challenge. In Leblic, Isabelle & Souag, Lameen (Ed.), Du terrain á la théorie: les 40 ans de Lacito. Lacito Publications. ISSN 978-2-490768-01-1. p. 199–220.
  • Næss, Åshild (2020). Bidirectional borrowing of grammar and lexicon: the case of the Reef Islands. In Grant, Anthony P. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Language Contact. Oxford University Press. ISSN 9780199945092. p. 627–642. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199945092.013.28.
  • Roversi, Giovanni & Næss, Åshild (2019). Jespersen in the Reef Islands: single versus bipartite negation in Äiwoo. Oceanic Linguistics. ISSN 0029-8115. 58(2), p. 324–352. Full text in Research Archive
  • Næss, Åshild (2018). Plural-Marking Strategies in Äiwoo. Oceanic Linguistics. ISSN 0029-8115. 57(1), p. 31–62. doi: 10.1353/ol.2018.0001. Full text in Research Archive
  • Næss, Åshild (2018). Standing up to the canoe: Competing cognitive biases in the encoding of stative spatial relations in a language with a single spatial preposition. Cognitive Linguistics. ISSN 0936-5907. 29(4), p. 807–841. doi: 10.1515/cog-2017-0096. Full text in Research Archive
  • Bedford, Stuart; Blust, Robert; Burley, David; Cox, Murray; Kirch, Patrick & Matisoo-Smith, Elizabeth [Show all 10 contributors for this article] (2018). Ancient DNA and its contribution to understanding the human history of the Pacific Islands. Archaeology in Oceania. ISSN 0728-4896. 53, p. 205–219. doi: 10.1002/arco.5165.
  • Næss, Åshild (2018). Beyond roots and affixes: Äiwoo deverbal nominals and the typology of bound lexical morphemes. Studies in Language. ISSN 0378-4177. 41(4), p. 914–955. doi: 10.1075/sl.16087.nae. Full text in Research Archive
  • Næss, Åshild (2015). Voice at the crossroads: symmetrical clause alternations in Äiwoo, Reef Islands, Solomon Islands. Oceanic Linguistics. ISSN 0029-8115. 54(1), p. 270–307.
  • Berthele, Raphael; Whelpton, Matthew; Næss, Åshild & Duijff, Pieter (2015). Static spatial descriptions in five Germanic languages. Language Sciences. ISSN 0388-0001. 49, p. 82–101. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2014.07.006.
  • Vejdemo, Susanne; Levisen, Carsten; van Scherpenberg, Cornelia; Gúdmundsdóttir Beck, Thórhalla; Næss, Åshild & Zimmermann, Martina [Show all 8 contributors for this article] (2015). Two kinds of pink:development and difference in Germanic colour semantics. Language Sciences. ISSN 0388-0001. 49, p. 19–34. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2014.07.007.
  • Næss, Åshild (2015). The Äiwoo verb phrase: syntactic ergativity without pivots. Journal of Linguistics. ISSN 0022-2267. 51(01), p. 75–106. doi: 10.1017/S0022226714000048.
  • Næss, Åshild (2013). From Austronesian voice to Oceanic transitivity: Äiwoo as the 'missing link'. Oceanic Linguistics. ISSN 0029-8115. 52(1 ), p. 106–124.
  • Boerger, Brenda H.; Næss, Åshild; Vaa, Anders; Emerine, Rachel & Hoover, Angela (2012). Sociological factors in Reefs-Santa Cruz language vitality: a 40 year retrospective. International Journal of the Sociology of Language. ISSN 0165-2516. p. 111–152. doi: 10.1515/ijsl-2012-0023.
  • Næss, Åshild (2012). Structural parallels between Vaeakau-Taumako and the Vanuatu Outliers: Capell revisited. Oceanic Linguistics. ISSN 0029-8115. 51(2 ), p. 567–588.
  • Næss, Åshild (2012). Cutting and breaking in Äiwoo: event integration and the complexity of lexical expressions. Cognitive Linguistics. ISSN 0936-5907. 23(2), p. 395–420. doi: 10.1515/cog-2012-0012.
  • Næss, Åshild (2011). reel-refusjon, roe-rognvaffel, rumba-rumstera. In Vikør, Lars Sigurdsson; Grønvik, Oddrun & Worren, Dagfinn (Ed.), Norsk Ordbok. Ordbok over det norske folkemålet og det nynorske skriftmålet. Band 9. Det Norske Samlaget. ISSN 978-82-521-7858-6.
  • Næss, Åshild; Berg-Olsen, Sturla; Engø, Anne Torunn; Selvik, Kari-Anne & Svardal, Terje (2011). rå-råda. In Vikør, Lars Sigurdsson; Grønvik, Oddrun & Worren, Dagfinn (Ed.), Norsk Ordbok. Ordbok over det norske folkemålet og det nynorske skriftmålet. Band 9. Det Norske Samlaget. ISSN 978-82-521-7858-6.
  • Næss, Åshild (2011). "Natur i Norge er det litt forskjellig": Det-setninger som topikaliseringsstrategi i tekster skrevet av vietnamesiske innlærere. NOA - Norsk som andrespråk. ISSN 0801-3284. p. 5–23.
  • Næss, Åshild & Hovdhaugen, Even (2011). Language is power: The impact of fieldwork on community politics. In Haig, Geoffrey; Nau, Nicole; Schnell, Stefan & Wegner, Claudia (Ed.), Documenting Endangered Languages - Achievements and Perspectives. De Gruyter Mouton. ISSN 978-3-11-026002-1. p. 291–304. doi: 10.1515/9783110260021.291.
  • Næss, Åshild (2011). Reefs-Santa Cruz: reclassifying a language group. In Hoëm, Ingjerd & Solsvik, Reidar (Ed.), Identity matters: Movement and place. The Kon-Tiki Museum. ISSN 978-82-92967-03-4. p. 63–77. doi: 10.1515/ijsl-2012-0023.
  • Næss, Åshild & Jenny, Mathias (2011). Who changes language? Bilingualism and structural change in Burma and the Reef Islands. Journal of Language Contact. ISSN 1877-4091. 4, p. 217–249. doi: 10.1163/187740911x589253.
  • Næss, Åshild (2011). Case on the margins: Pragmatics and argument marking in Vaeakau-Taumako and beyond. In Kittilä, Seppo; Västi, Katja & Ylikoski, Jussi (Ed.), Case, animacy and semantic roles. John Benjamins Publishing Company. ISSN 978 90 272 0680 0. p. 305–328. doi: 10.1075/tsl.99.11nae.
  • Næss, Åshild (2011). Directional verbs in Vaeakau-Taumako. Oceanic Linguistics. ISSN 0029-8115. 50(1), p. 120–139.
  • Næss, Åshild (2011). The grammar of eating and drinking verbs. Language and Linguistics Compass. ISSN 1749-818X. 5/5, p. 413–423. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-818x.2011.00279.x.
  • Næss, Åshild & Hovdhaugen, Even (2010). Language contact in the Reef Islands: keeping one's distance at close quarters, The Gotland Papers. Selected Papers from the VII International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific: Migration, Identity, and Cultural Heritage. Gotland University. ISSN 9789186343071. p. 455–464.
  • Næss, Åshild (2009). How transitive are 'eat' and 'drink' verbs? In Newman, John (Eds.), The Linguistics of Eating and Drinking. John Benjamins Publishing Company. ISSN 978-90-272-2998-4. p. 27–43.
  • Næss, Åshild & Boerger, BH (2008). Reefs-Santa Cruz as Oceanic: Evidence from the verb complex. Oceanic Linguistics. ISSN 0029-8115. 47, p. 185–212.
  • Næss, Åshild (2008). Varieties of dative. In Malchukov, Andrej & Spencer, Andrew (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Case. Oxford University Press. ISSN 9780199206476.
  • Næss, Åshild & Hovdhaugen, Even (2007). The history of Polynesian settlement in the Reef and Duff Islands: the linguistic evidence. The Journal of the Polynesian Society. ISSN 0032-4000. 116.
  • Ross, Malcolm D & Næss, Åshild (2007). An Oceanic origin for Äiwoo, the language of the Reef Islands? Oceanic Linguistics. ISSN 0029-8115. 46, p. 456–498.
  • Næss, Åshild (2007). Defining transitivity: Markedness vs. prototypicality. In Miestamo, Matti & Wälchli, Bernhard (Ed.), New Challenges in Typology: Broadening the Horizons and Redefining the Foundations. De Gruyter Mouton. ISSN 978-3-11-019592-7. p. 179–198.
  • Næss, Åshild (2006). Bound nominal elements in Äiwoo (Reefs): A reappraisal of the 'multiple noun class systems'. Oceanic Linguistics. ISSN 0029-8115. 45(2), p. 269–296.
  • Næss, Åshild (2006). Case semantics and the agent-patient opposition. In Kulikov, Leonid; Malchukov, Andrej & De Swart, Peter (Ed.), Case, Valency and Transitivity. John Benjamins Publishing Company. ISSN 90-272-3087-0. p. 309–327.
  • Næss, Åshild (2006). Past, present and future in Reefs-Santa Cruz research. In Barwick, Linda & Thieberger, Nicholas (Ed.), Sustainable data from digital fieldwork. Sydney University Press. ISSN 1-920898-50-6. p. 157–162.
  • Næss, Åshild (2004). What markedness marks: the markedness problem with direct objects. Lingua. ISSN 0024-3841. 114, p. 1186–1212. doi: 10.1016/j.lingua.2003.07.005.
  • Næss, Åshild (2004). Spatial deixis in Pileni. In Senft, Gunter (Eds.), Deixis and demonstratives in Oceanic languages. Pacific Linguistics . ISSN 0858835517. p. 81–97.
  • Næss, Åshild (2004). Serial verbs and complex constructions in Pileni (Solomon Islands). In Bril, Isabelle & Ozanne-Rivierre, Francoise (Ed.), Complex Predicates in Oceanic Languages: Studies in the Dynamics of Binding and Boundness. De Gruyter Mouton. ISSN 3110181886. p. 225–250.
  • Næss, Åshild (2002). Transitivity and accusativity in Pileni. Rongorongo Studies : a Forum for Polynesian philology. ISSN 0938-0795. 12(2), p. 66–76.
  • Næss, Åshild (2000). Possessive marking in Pileni. Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung. ISSN 0942-2919. 53(3/4), p. 308–318.

View all works in Cristin

View all works in Cristin

  • Næss, Åshild (2021). Äiwoo: momalâ.
  • Næss, Åshild (2021). Two comitative constructions in Äiwoo.
  • Næss, Åshild (2021). Deictics, syntax and information structure in Äiwoo.
  • Næss, Åshild (2021). Språktypologi og språkundervisning: hva Stillehavet har lært meg om norsk grammatikk.
  • Næss, Åshild & Sauppe, Sebastian (2020). Bringing psycholinguistics to the field: experiences from the Solomon Islands.
  • Næss, Åshild; Margetts, Anna & Treis, Yvonne (2020). Introduction: Demonstratives in discourse. In Næss, Åshild; Margetts, Anna & Treis, Yvonne (Ed.), Demonstratives in discourse. Language Science Press. ISSN 978-3-96110-286-0. p. 1–20.
  • Næss, Åshild (2019). Nouns and verbs yet again: new questions in an old debate .
  • Næss, Åshild (2019). Chasing the clause: the challenges of describing person indexing in Äiwoo.
  • Næss, Åshild; Vander Klok, Jozina Madolyn & Evans, Bethwyn (2019). Prominence in Austronesian: introduction.
  • Næss, Åshild (2019). How to grow grammatical relations: modelling the transition from symmetrical voice to subject-object structure in Austronesian.
  • Næss, Åshild (2019). How to grow grammatical relations: modelling the transition from symmetrical voice to subject/object structure in Austronesian.
  • Næss, Åshild (2019). (Im)perfectivity and phasal aspect in Äiwoo.
  • Næss, Åshild (2019). Språkmangfaldet i Stillehavsregionen. Mål og makt. ISSN 0332-7744. 49(3), p. 33–37.
  • Næss, Åshild; Evans, Bethwyn & Vander Klok, Jozina Madolyn (2018). The rise of grammatical relations in Austronesian.
  • Næss, Åshild (2018). Fra Stillehavet til norske klasserom: Hva stillehavsforskning har lært meg om norsk grammatikk.
  • Næss, Åshild (2018). Aspect, evidentiality and mirativity in Äiwoo.
  • Næss, Åshild (2017). Standing up to the canoe: directionals and stative spatial relations in Äiwoo.
  • Næss, Åshild & Evans, Bethwyn (2017). Prominence and the typology of grammatical relations.
  • Næss, Åshild (2016). Looking for words in the Reef Islands: bound roots in Äiwoo and their descriptive and documentary challenges.
  • Næss, Åshild (2016). Deverbal nouns in Äiwoo: derivations, compounds or phrases?
  • Næss, Åshild (2016). Å se verden med nye verbformer: kategorier i grammatikken og i virkeligheten.
  • Toft, Ellen Hellebostad & Næss, Åshild (2009). Stytte og støtte: Mellom semantisk teori og leksikografisk praksis.
  • Næss, Åshild & Toft, Ellen Hellebostad (2009). Om normering og følgjer av denne: støtte vs stytte i Norsk Ordbok 2014.
  • Lane, Pia Marit Johanne & Næss, Åshild (2008). De snusfornuftige, kjedelige lingvistene. Aftenposten (morgenutg. : trykt utg.). ISSN 0804-3116.
  • Lane, Pia Marit Johanne & Næss, Åshild (2008). Dommedagsprofeter. Dagbladet. ISSN 0805-3766.

View all works in Cristin

Published Feb. 4, 2016 8:50 AM - Last modified Apr. 21, 2021 2:38 PM