Charles Ess

Professor emeritus
Image of Charles Ess
Visiting address Gaustadalléen 21 Forskningsparken 0349 Oslo
Postal address Postboks 1093 Blindern 0317 Oslo

I research, publish, and teach at the intersections of philosophy, computational technologies, applied ethics, comparative philosophy and religion, and media studies, with particular focus on: research ethics, Digital Religion, and virtue ethics in media and communication, specifically social robots.

A recent publication – “What’s Love Got to Do with It? Robots, sexuality, and the arts of being human,” (in M. Nørskov (ed.), Social Robots: Boundaries, Potential, Challenges, 57-79, Ashgate, 2016) – summarizes some 30 years of work on enduring distinctions between what human beings and AI/robots are capable of, highlighting the role of real emotions and virtues as defining human friendship, love, and being human in digital and post-digital democratic societies.


My formal education was in languages (German, classical Greek, French) and history of philosophy, with specific interests in existential thought, comparative philosophy, and applied ethics.  My PhD (1983) is from the Pennsylvania State University and explores Kant’s use of analogical predication as a systematic ambiguity central to his Critical Project, including his accounts of aesthetic judgment, ethics, and faith-reason relationships.  In the U.S., I taught and administered for nearly three decades in the liberal arts traditions, including interdisciplinary humanities and writing across the curriculum.   My long-standing interests in technology and computation took focus in early work on hypertext, hypermedia, and computer-assisted instruction in logic: these led in turn to work in Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC); Medium Theory (Innis, McLuhan, Ong, Eisenstein, Postman, Meyerwitz); cultural intersections with technology and communication; and their subsequent unfoldings as Internet Studies.

I am especially interested in making philosophical ethics accessible and applicable to non-philosophers – whether in more professional contexts such as developing and applying research ethics guidelines (especially in affiliation with the Association of Internet Researchers), or in more general contexts, as reflected in my volume Digital Media Ethics, 2nd ed. (Polity, 2013). This interest is further apparent in my teaching. 

Teaching and tutoring

Both courses focus on core principles of human autonomy, privacy, and freedom of expression in democratic societies, and how these may be protected, if not enhanced, in the face of contemporary challenges and problems, such as surveillance, hate speech, corporate censorship, and so on.

Special fields

  • Internet Studies
  • Digital Media Ethics
  • Internet Research Ethics
  • Democratization potentials of new media
  • Online religion
  • Cross-cultural approaches to online communication and ethics

Beyond the University

Special scientific advisor, DIGMEX (Digital Media and EXistential issues and challenges).

Workshops on research ethics for graduates and professionals;
Ethics advisor to two current EU research projects, VOXPOL (Virtual Centre of Excellence for research in Violent Online Political Extremism), and HUMANE (A typology, method and roadmap for HUman-MAchine NEtworks Focusing on human-machine relationship).

Founding Member of the Computing and Philosophy conferences - now the International Association for Computing and Philosophy: I have organized an extensive range of conferences in collaboration with IACAP, International Society for Ethics in Technology (INSEIT), and ETHICOMP.

Editorial Boards

  • Oxford Internet Institute Studies – Understanding life online (book series).
  • Digital Humanities Introductions: Religion (DeGruyter)
  • Journal editorial boards:  new media and society; Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication; Philosophy and Technology;  Asian Communication Research; Javnost-The Pubic;  International Journal of Media and Cultural Politics.

Higher education and employment history

Previous academic positions include Distinguished Research Professor, Interdisciplinary Studies, Drury University (Springfield, Missouri, USA) and several guest professorships in Germany, Austria, France, and Scandinavia, including Guest Professor, Philosophy Department, University of Vienna. Fall semester, 2013.

Professor in Media Studies, Department of Media and Communication since 2012.


Tags: Media and communication, Internet, Digital media, Religion and politics, Ethics


  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2021). Internet Research Ethics and Social Media, In Ron Iphofen (ed.),  Handbook of Research Ethics and Scientific Integrity.  Springer Publishing Company.  ISBN 978-3-030-16758-5.  chapter.  s 1 - 21 Show summary
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2020). Between Luther and Buddhism: Scandinavian Creation Theology and Robophilosophy, In Marco Nørskov; Johanna Seibt & Oliver Quick (ed.),  Culturally Sustainable Social Robotics: Proceedings of Robophilosophy 2020..  IOS Press.  ISBN 978-1-64368-154-2.  3.1.  s 611 - 616 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2020). Interpretative Pros Hen Pluralism: from Computer-Mediated Colonization to a Pluralistic Intercultural Digital Ethics. Philosophy & Technology.  ISSN 2210-5433. . doi: 10.1007/s13347-020-00412-9
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2020). Thinking Ethically About Mobile Devices: A Rough Guide, In Rich Ling; Leopoldina Fortunati; Gerard Goggin; Lim Sun Sun & Yuling Li (ed.),  The Oxford Handbook of Mobile Communication and Society.  Oxford University Press.  ISBN 9780190864385.  11.5.  s 621 - 636 Show summary
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2020). Viewpoint: At the ethical intersections: information, computing, internet research.. Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society.  ISSN 1477-996X.  18(1), s 1- 9 . doi: Full text in Research Archive.
  • Nørgård, Rikke Toft; Bengtsen, Søren S. E. & Ess, Charles Melvin (2020). The university of we: Value-sensitive design for an ethical university. Knowledge Cultures.  ISSN 2327-5731.  8(1), s 48- 63 . doi: 10.22381/KC8120204
  • Nørskov, Sladjana; Damholdt, Malene F.; Ulhøi, John P.; Jensen, Morten B.; Ess, Charles Melvin & Seibt, Johanna (2020). Applicant Fairness Perceptions of a Robot-Mediated Job Interview: A Video Vignette-Based Experimental Survey. Frontiers in Robotics and AI.  ISSN 2296-9144.  7, s 1- 18 . doi: 10.3389/frobt.2020.586263
  • Ess, Charles Melvin & Hård af Segerstad, Ylva (2019). Everything Old is New Again: the Ethics of Digital Inquiry and its Design, In Åsa Makitalo; Todd E. Nicewong & Mark Elam (ed.),  Designs for Experimentation and Inquiry. Approaching Learning and Knowing in Digital Transformation.  Routledge.  ISBN 978-1-13-8592711.  10.  s 179 - 196 Show summary
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2018). Democracy and the Internet: A Retrospective. Javnost - The Public.  ISSN 1318-3222.  25(1-2), s 93- 101 . doi: 10.1080/13183222.2017.1418820 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2018). Ethics in HMC: Recent Developments and Case Studies, In Andrea Guzman (ed.),  Human-Machine Communication: Rethinking Communication, Technology, and Ourselves.  Peter Lang Publishing Group.  ISBN 978-1-4331-4253-6.  Chapter 12.  s 237 - 257
  • Ljungblad, Sarah; Serholt, Sofia; Milosevic, Tijana; Ni Bhroin, Niamh; Nørgård, Rikke Toft; Lindgren, Pamela; Ess, Charles Melvin; Barendregt, Wolmet & Obaid, Mohammad (2018). Critical Robotics: Exploring a New Paradigm, In Tone Bratteteig & Frode Eika Sandnes (ed.),  NordiCHI '18 - Proceedings of the 10th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, Oslo, Norway — September 29 - October 03, 2018.  Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).  ISBN 978-1-4503-6437-9.  KAPITTEL. Show summary
  • Toft Nørgård, Rikke; Ess, Charles Melvin & Ni Bhroin, Niamh (2018). Robot-Teachers and Phronēsis: Designing Signature Pedagogy with Robots, In Janina Loh; Michael Funk; Johanna Seibt; Michael Nørskov (ed.),  Envisioning Robots in Society – Power, Politics, and Public Space.  IOS Press.  ISBN 9781614999300.  Del 4, Kapittel 1.  s 187 - 198
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2017). Communication and technology. Annals of the International Communication Association.  ISSN 2380-8985.  41(3-4), s 209- 212 . doi: Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2017). Digital Media Ethics. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication. . doi: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190228613.013.508 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2017). God Out of the Machine?: The Politics and Economics of Technological Development, In Anthony Beavers (ed.),  Macmillan Interdisciplinary Handbooks: Philosophy, 10. (Technology.  Macmillan Publishers Ltd..  ISBN 978-0028663388.  Chapter 4.  s 83 - 111 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2017). What's "culture" got to do with it? A (personal) review of CATaC (Cultural Attitudes towards Technology and Communication), 1998-2014, In Gerard Goggin, & Mark McLelland (ed.),  Routledge Companion to Global Internet Histories.  Routledge.  ISBN 9781138812161.  Chapter 2.  s 34 - 48 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Abdelnour-Nocera, José; Strano, Michele; Ess, Charles Melvin; van der Velden, Maja & Hrachovec, Herbert (2016). Culture, technology, communication common world, different futures: 10th IFIP WG 13.8 international conference, CaTaC 2016 London, UK, june 15–17, 2016 revised selected papers. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology.  ISSN 1868-4238.  490, s V
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). Can we say anything ethical about Digital Religion? Philosophical and methodological considerations. New Media & Society.  ISSN 1461-4448.  19(1), s 34- 42 . doi: 10.1177/1461444816649914 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). Phronesis for machine ethics? Can robots perform ethical judgments?. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications.  ISSN 0922-6389.  290, s 386- 389 . doi: 10.3233/978-1-61499-708-5-386
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2015). Being Human in a Hyperconnected Era, 89-109. Springer, 2015, In Luciano Floridi (ed.),  The Onlife Manifesto. Being Human in a Hyperconnected Era.  Springer.  ISBN 978-3-319-04093-6.  Being Human in a Hyperconnected Era.  s 89 - 109
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2015). Choose Now! Media, Literacies, Identities, Politics, In Alexandra Georgakopoulou & Tereza Spilioti (ed.),  The Routledge Handbook of Language and Digital Communication.  Routledge.  ISBN 9780415642491.  Kapittel.  s 412 - 416
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2015). Commentary on the Onlife Manifesto, In Luciano Floridi (ed.),  The Onlife Manifesto: Being Human in a Hyperconnected Era.  Springer.  ISBN 978-3-319-04093-6.  Kapittel.  s 17 - 19
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2015). Media innovations: success and paradox. The Journal of Media Innovations.  ISSN 1894-5562.  2(2), s 1- 5 . doi: 10.5617/jmi.v2i2.2371
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2015). New selves, new research ethics?, In Hallvard Fossheim & Helene Ingierd (ed.),  Internet Research Ethics.  Cappelen Damm Akademisk.  ISBN 9788202480356.  Chapter 3.  s 48 - 76
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2015). The Good Life: Selfhood and Virtue Ethics in the Digital Age, In Hua Wang (ed.),  Communication and «The Good Life».  Peter Lang Publishing Group.  ISBN 978-1-4331-2856-1.  Kapittel.  s 17 - 29
  • Stahl, Bernd & Ess, Charles Melvin (2015). 20 years of ETHICOMP: time to celebrate?. Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society.  ISSN 1477-996X.  13(3/4), s 166- 175 . doi: 10.1108/JICES-05-2015-0015
  • Ess, Charles (2014). Ethics at the Boundaries of the Virtual, In Mark Grimshaw (ed.),  The Oxford Handbook of Virtuality.  Oxford University Press.  ISBN 978-0-19-982616-2.  Chapter 41.  s 683 - 697
  • Ess, Charles (2014). Trust, Social Identity, and Computation, In Richard H.R. Harper (ed.),  Trust, Computing, and Society.  Cambridge University Press.  ISBN 978-1-107-03847-9.  Chapter 9.  s 199 - 226
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2014). Editor's Introduction: Innovations in the newsroom - and beyond. The Journal of Media Innovations.  ISSN 1894-5562.  1(2), s 1- 9 . doi: 10.5617/jmi.v1i2.923
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2014). Ethics in Digital Media, In Marie-Laure Ryan; Lori Emerson & Benjamin J. Robertson (ed.),  Johns Hopkins Guide to Digital Media.  Johns Hopkins University Press.  ISBN 9781421412245.  Kapittel.  s 183 - 188
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2014). Introduction to Inaugural Issue. The Journal of Media Innovations.  ISSN 1894-5562.  1(1), s 1- 12 . doi: 10.5617/jmi.v1i1.821
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2014). Selfhood, moral agency, and the good life in mediatized worlds? Perspectives from Medium Theory and philosophy, In Knut Lundby (ed.),  Mediatization of communication.  De Gruyter Mouton.  ISBN 978-3-11-027193-5.  Kapittel.  s 617 - 640
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2014). Zwischen zwei Stühlen sitzen – oder drei, oder…, I: Inge Baxmann; Timon Beyes & Claus Pias (red.),  Soziale Medien – Neue Massen?.  Akademie Verlag.  ISBN 978-3-03734-748-5.  Kapittel.  s 357 - 363
  • Ess, Charles (2013). Global Media Ethics? Issues, Requirements, Challenges, Resolutions, In Stephen Ward (ed.),  Global Media Ethics: Problems and Perspectives.  Wiley-Blackwell.  ISBN 978-1-118-35982-2.  Chapter 13.  s 253 - 271
  • Ess, Charles Melvin & Fossheim, Hallvard (2013). Personal Data: Changing Selves, Changing Privacies, In Mireille Hildebrandt; K O'Hara & Michael Waidner (ed.),  Digital Enlightenment Yearbook 2013: The Value of Personal Data.  IOS Press.  ISBN 9781614992943.  kap. 2.

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  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2020). Digital Media Ethics, 3rd edition. Polity Press.  ISBN 9781509533435.  343 s. Show summary
  • Kreps, David G.; Ess, Charles Melvin; Leenen, Louise & Kimppa, Kai K. (ed.) (2018). This Changes Everything - ICT and Climate Change: What Can We Do?. springer.  ISBN 978-3-319-99605-9.  395 s.
  • Abdelnour-Nocera, José; Strano, Michele; Ess, Charles Melvin; van der Velden, Maja & Hrachovec, Herbert (2016). Culture, Technology, Communication. Common World, Different Futures: 10th IFIP WG 13.8 International Conference, CaTaC 2016, London, UK, June 15-17, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Springer.  ISBN 978-3-319-50109-3.  149 s.
  • van der Velden, Maja; Strano, Michele; Hrachovec, Herbert; Abdelnour-Nocera, José & Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). CATaC 2016 Culture, Technology, Communication: Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Culture, Technology, Communication - Common world, different futures?. CaTaC, Culture, Technology, and Communication.  ISBN 978-82-999770-1-2.  272 s.
  • Strano, Michele; Hrachovec, Herbert; Suely, Fragoso; Ess, Charles Melvin & van der Velden, Maja (2014). Ninth International Conference on Culture, Technology, and Communication 2014. Culture Technology Communication.  ISBN 978-82-999770-0-5.  251 s. Full text in Research Archive.
  • Ess, Charles (2013). Digital Media Ethics. Revised and updated second edition. Polity Press.  ISBN 978-0-7456-5606-9.  320 s. Show summary
  • Ess, Charles & Consalvo, Mia (ed.) (2013). The Handbook of Internet Studies. Wiley-Blackwell.  ISBN 978-1-118-40007-4.  509 s.
  • Cheong, Pauline, Hope; Fischer-Nielsen, Peter; Gelfgren, Stefan & Ess, Charles (ed.) (2012). Digital Religion, Social Media and Culture. Perspectives, Practices and Futures. Peter Lang Publishing Group.  ISBN 978-1-4331-1474-8.  344 s.

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  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2020). Trust and Information and Communication Technologies, In Judith Simon (ed.),  The Routledge Handbook of Trust and Philosophy.  Routledge.  ISBN 978-1-138-68746-2.  31.  s 405 - 420
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2019). Afterword, In Amanda Lagerkvist (ed.),  Digital Existence: Ontology, Ethics and Transcendence in Digital Culture.  Routledge.  ISBN 978-1-138-09243-3.  Afterword.  s 264 - -277
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2019). From the digital to a post-digital era?, In Mireille Hildebrandt & Kieron O'Hara (ed.),  Life and the Law in the Era of Data-Driven Agency.  Edward Elgar Publishing.  ISBN 978 1 78897 199 7.  Chapter 7.  s 105 - 118
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2019). Intercultural privacy: a Nordic perspective, In Hauke Behrendt; Wulf Loh; Tobias Matzner & Catrin Misselhorn (ed.),  Privatsphäre 4.0. Eine Neuverortung des Privaten im Zeitalter der Digitalisierung.  J.B. Metzler - a part of Springer Nature.  ISBN 978-3-476-04860-8.  4.  s 73 - 88
  • Oughton, Deborah H; Ess, Charles Melvin; Tomkiv, Yevgeniya & Cardis, Elisabeth (2019). Consensus Workshop Report on Ethical Aspects of Radiation Monitoring and Health Apps.
  • Oughton, Deborah H; Ess, Charles Melvin; Tomkiv, Yevgeniya; Cardis, Elisabeth; Liutsko, Liudmila & Schneider, Thierry (2019). Consensus Workshop Report on Ethical Aspects of Radiation Monitoring and Health Apps.
  • Oughton, Deborah Helen; Ess, Charles Melvin; Tomkiv, Yevgeniya; Fattibene, Paola; Monaca, Sara Della; Schneider, Thierry; Liutsko, Liudmila; Chumak, Vadim; Barquinero, Francesc & Cardis, Elisabeth (2019). Ethical challenges and implications of dosimetry and health APPs – results of a consensus workshop.
  • Ljungblad, Sarah; Serholt, Sofia; Milosevic, Tijana; Ni Bhroin, Niamh; Nørgård, Rikke Toft; Lindgren, Pamela; Ess, Charles Melvin; Barendregt, Wolmet & Obaid, Mohammad (2018). Critical Robotics: Exploring a New Paradigm.
  • Nørgård, Rikke Toft; Ess, Charles Melvin & Ni Bhroin, Niamh (2018). Robot Teachers: Towards a Phronetic Model for Future-Oriented Education Design.
  • Bergstrom, Irene & Ess, Charles Melvin (2017, 07. desember). Viktig å beskytte forskerne også. [Internett].
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2017). Digital Religion: Appearance and Challenges. An International Perspective..
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2017). Existentialism in the (Post-)Digital Era, In Lærke Rydal Jørgensen & Mathias Ussing Seeberg (ed.),  Being There.  Lousiana Museum of Modern Art.  ISBN 9788792877987.  3.  s 166 - 173
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2017). Grounding Internet Research Ethics 3.0: A view from (the) AoIR, In Michael Zimmer & Katharina Kinder-Kurlanda (ed.),  Internet Research Ethics for the Social Age: New Challenges, Cases, and Contexts.  Peter Lang Publishing Group.  ISBN 9781433142666.  Forord.  s ix - xv
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2017, 16. januar). Roboter snakker om Gud.  Vårt Land.
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2017, 05. april). Robots may change the sex industry but could they replace intimacy? With "perfect" sex robots not far away, experts warn they could lead to "ethical and emotional de-skilling.".  The Guardian.
  • Gibney, Elizabeth & Ess, Charles Melvin (2017). Ethics of Internet research trigger scrutiny: Concern over the use of public data spurs guideline update.
  • Abdelnour-Nocera, José; Strano, Michele; Ess, Charles Melvin; van der Velden, Maja & Hrachovec, Herbert (2016). Preface. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology.  ISSN 1868-4238.  490, s V- V
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). Afterword: Ethics—and Emancipation—for the Rest of Us?, In Amber Davisson & Paul Booth (ed.),  Controversies in Digital Ethics.  Bloomsbury Academic.  ISBN 9781501310560.  Afterword.  s 426 - 442
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). Are Good Lives Possible in a (post-) Digital Era?.
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). Disaster relief and anti-terrorism: personhood, virtue ethics, and ethics of care in benevolent surveillance.
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). Ethical Approaches for Copying Digital Artifacts: What Would the Exemplary Person (Junzi) / a Good Person [Phronemos] Say?, In Darren Hick & Reinold Schmücker (ed.),  The Aesthetics and Ethics of Copying.  Bloomsbury Academic.  ISBN 9781474254519.  Chapter 16.  s 295 - 313
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). Ethics, Culture, Design: Remarks for Slándáil Project.
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). Everything Old is New Again: The Ethics of Information, Virtue, and Care in ICT Design, Engineering, and Research..
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). Freedom of expression and the "napalm-piken": Historical perspectives, the current state of play..
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). Good Grief! Death, existenz, and the virtues of a post-digital era.
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). Keynote lecture. What’s Love Got to Do with It? Robots, Sexuality, and the Arts of Being Human..
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). Media, Culture and Ethics.
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). Narratives and experiences of self-(re-)discovery and (ethical) cultivation in the internet era..
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). On Digital Ethics.
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). Persons? Culture? Ethics? Privacy? Big Data? Everything Old is New Again.
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). Research Ethics for Violent Online Extremism Researchers.
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). Three lectures: culture, communication, (research) ethics.
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). What’s Love Got to Do with It? Robots, sexuality, and the arts of being human.
  • Ess, Charles Melvin (2016). What's love got to do with it?  Robots, sexuality, and the arts of being human., In Markus Nørskov (ed.),  Social Robots: Boundaries, Potential, Challenges.  Ashgate.  ISBN 9781472474308.  Chapter 4.  s 57 - 79
  • Ess, Charles Melvin & Hård af Segerstad, Ylva (2016). Everything old is new again: the ethics of digital inquiry and its design.
  • Pfadenhauer, Michaela; Sugiyama, Satomi & Ess, Charles Melvin (2015). Editorial [introduction]: Special Issue of IJSR on Social Robots: Form, Content, Critique.. International Journal of Social Robotics.  ISSN 1875-4791.  7(3), s 333- 334 . doi: 10.1007/s12369-015-0291-1
  • Simon, Judith & Ess, Charles Melvin (2015). The ONLIFE Initiative—a Concept Reengineering Exercise. Philosophy & Technology.  ISSN 2210-5433.  28(1), s 157- 162 . doi: 10.1007/s13347-015-0189-8
  • Ess, Charles (2013). Being Human and Making Society in the Digital Age: Privacy in Light of Hannah Arendt".
  • Ess, Charles (2013). Ethics and the Media: An Introduction. New Media & Society.  ISSN 1461-4448.  15(1), s 149- 152 . doi: 10.1177/1461444812459453
  • Ess, Charles (2013). Freedom of Expression in the era of Onlife.
  • Ess, Charles (2013). Internet Studies: Futures of the Field.
  • Ess, Charles (2013). Media Innovation - Norway.
  • Ess, Charles (2013). Medium Theory and the Relational Self.
  • Ess, Charles (2013). Mobile Media and Communication Research: at the Intersections between Methods and Ethics.
  • Ess, Charles (2013). New identities - self-presentations, privacies, and autonomies.
  • Ess, Charles (2013). Relational understandings of privacy and responsibility in research ethics.
  • Ess, Charles (2013). Research Ethics at the Meso-Level.
  • Ess, Charles (2013). Research Ethics at the Micro-level.
  • Ess, Charles (2013). Research ethics at the edge: case-studies and new directions.
  • Ess, Charles (2013). Robots and Humans as Virtuous Agents? Core questions and challenges.
  • Ess, Charles (2013). Selfhood, moral agency, and the good life in mediatized worlds. Perspectives from Medium Theory and philosophy.
  • Ess, Charles (2013). The End of Privacy? New research apps, new research ethics.
  • Ess, Charles & Dutton, William (2013). Internet Studies: Perspectives on a rapidly developing field. New Media & Society.  ISSN 1461-4448.  15(5), s 633- 643 . doi: 10.1177/1461444812462845
  • Thorseth, May Britt; Carson, Siri Granum & Ess, Charles Melvin (2013). Åpent nummer om surrogati, bioetikk, forskningsetikk og minoriteter. Etikk i praksis.  ISSN 1890-3991.  7(2), s 1- 2
  • Ess, Charles (2012). At the Intersections Between Internet Studies and Philosophy: “Who Am I Online?” (Introduction to special issue). Philosophy & Technology.  ISSN 2210-5433.  25(3), s 275- 284 . doi: 10.1007/s13347-012-0085-4
  • Ess, Charles (2012). Changing Media, Changing Selves: Ethics, Politics, and Research Ethics in the “Onlife” era.
  • Ess, Charles (2012). Foreword, In Don Heider & Adrienne Massanari (ed.),  Digital Ethics: Research and Practice.  Peter Lang Publishing Group.  ISBN 978-1-4331-1895-1.  Foreword.  s ix - xix

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Published Sep. 15, 2012 10:02 AM - Last modified Sep. 4, 2020 3:27 PM