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Two Thousand Years of Exploring the Wandering Mind

This project will explore the cultural history of spontaneous thought in contemplative traditions.

Wandering minds
Photo: Halvor Eifring, UiO

About the project

Thoughts, feelings and images that pass through the mind of their own accord fill our consciousness almost half of our waking time and have an immense influence on our lives. They have been alleged to be distractive and destructive, making us unhappy and unproductive. An emerging alternative view maintains that they help us process the past and anticipate the future, understand ourselves and empathise with others, as well as thinking and acting creatively. While science and philosophy have only recently begun to show interest in this part of the mind, it has been a central concern of contemplative traditions for more than two millennia.


This project will use five case studies to explore the cultural history of spontaneous thought in contemplative traditions, based on the parallel close reading of texts representing one modern and four pre-modern approaches: Modern neuroscience, cognitive science and philosophy of mind; Early Christian asceticism; Classical Yoga philosophy; Ancient Chinese thought; Late pre-modern Pure Land Buddhism. 


The project has received funding from:

  • The Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture 
  • UiO:Life Science 
  • Department of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages (University of Oslo)


Tags: Meditation, Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity, Chinese Philosophy
Published Sep. 20, 2016 10:32 AM - Last modified Sep. 9, 2020 10:16 PM