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Music on demand: Economy and copyright in a digitised cultural sector (MUSEC)

MUSEC investigates how values and rights are negotiated and evaluated when music is produced and distributed via digital media. 

Headphones as ears and one hundred kroner bills as head and to coins as eyes. Illustration.

About the project

The use of digital media technology is fundamentally changing the ways in which cultural content, such as music and film, is produced and distributed, and the opportunities for earning revenue. By exploring the uses and implications of new media, the project unpacks one of the most challenging issues of the cultural sector in the 2000s: How should art and creative work be paid for?

By uniting scholars in media, music, economics and copyright, the project will carry out interdisciplinary analyses of how artists and organisations maintain their professional ambitions, economic interests and intellectual property rights (IPR) in the face of new media services. The analyses will zoom in on negotiations between producers and distributors, competition in national and global markets, and the effects of state intervention. 

Through qualitative interviews, quantitative surveys, document analysis and case studies, the project will offer new contributions to the study and discussion of the economics and copyright of music.

The project starts December 2018 and ends November 2020. 

Cooperation

The project is led by Yngvar Kjus at the Department of Musicology at the University of Oslo. The research team comprises Arnt Maasø from the Department of Media and Communication (UiO), Anja Nylund Hagen from the Department of Musicology (UiO), Olav Torvund from the Department of Private Law (UiO) and Ruth Towse from Bournemouth University. 

Financing

The project is financed by the KULMEDIA-programme of the Research Council of Norway.  

For more information, see the project description. 

Publications

  • Maasø, Arnt & Spilker, Hendrik Storstein (2022). The Streaming Paradox: Untangling the Hybrid Gatekeeping Mechanisms of Music Streaming. Popular music and society. ISSN 0300-7766. doi: 10.1080/03007766.2022.2026923. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kjus, Yngvar (2021). License to stream? A study of how rights-holders have responded to music streaming services in Norway. The International Journal of Cultural Policy. ISSN 1028-6632.
  • Kjus, Yngvar (2021). Twists and turns in the 360 deal: Spinning the risks and rewards of artist–label relations in the streaming era. European Journal of Cultural Studies. ISSN 1367-5494. doi: 10.1177/13675494211044731.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2021). Datafication, Literacy, and Democratization in the Music Industry. Popular music and society. ISSN 0300-7766. p. 1–19. doi: 10.1080/03007766.2021.1989558.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Music in Streams: Communicating Music in the Streaming Paradigm . In Filimowicz, Michael & Tzankova, Veronika (Ed.), Reimagining Communication: Mediation (1st Edition). Routledge. ISSN 9781138498914. p. 210–225.
  • Towse, Ruth (2020). Dealing with digital: the economic organisation of streamed music. Media, Culture and Society. ISSN 0163-4437. doi: 10.1177/0163443720919376. Full text in Research Archive
  • Maasø, Arnt & Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Metrics and decision-making in music streaming. Popular Communication - The International Journal of Media and Culture. ISSN 1540-5702. doi: 10.1080/15405702.2019.1701675. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kjus, Yngvar (2019). The Use of Copyright in Digital Times: A Study of How Artists Exercise Their Rights in Norway. Popular music and society. ISSN 0300-7766. doi: 10.1080/03007766.2019.1698206. Full text in Research Archive

View all works in Cristin

View all works in Cristin

  • Kjus, Yngvar (2021). Strømming gjør det vanskeligere å lykkes i musikkbransjen enn noensinne. [Internet]. www.hf.uio.no/imv/forskning/aktuelt.
  • Kjus, Yngvar (2021). Har internett gjort det vanskeligere å lykkes i musikkbransjen? [Radio]. NRK P2 - Studio 2.
  • Kjus, Yngvar; Hagen, Anja Nylund; Torvund, Olav & Maasø, Arnt (2021). Musikk, opphavsrett og internett.
  • Kjus, Yngvar & Spilker, Hendrik Storstein (2021). Liveness in deadly times: How artists in Norway explored the expressive potential of live-streamed concerts at the face of Covid-19 .
  • Kjus, Yngvar & Spilker, Hendrik Storstein (2020). Redaktører for spesialnummer om musikk og medier. Norsk Medietidsskrift. ISSN 0804-8452. 27(3). doi: 10.18261/ISSN.0805-9535-2020-03-01.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund; Molde, Audun; Nathaus, Klaus & Mitrovic, Minja (2020). Panel: “The Impacts of the Covid-19 crisis on the cultural and creative sectors” .
  • Kjus, Yngvar & Spilker, Hendrik Storstein (2020). Introduksjon til seminar om musikk og medier i den digitale tiden.
  • Kjus, Yngvar (2020). Vil ha opphavsretten ut av lukkede rom. [Business/trade/industry journal]. Ballade.no.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Forsker tror man vil se flere artister på TikTok . [Internet]. nrk.no.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Artister sprer musikken sin på TikTok. [TV]. Dagsrevyen, NRK1.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Fra TikTok til strømmetoppen. [Radio]. Nyhetsmorgen, P2.
  • Kjus, Yngvar (2020). The record contract in flux: Developments in the agreements of artist and label in the time of music streaming.
  • Spilker, Hendrik Storstein; Kjus, Yngvar & Kiberg, Håvard (2020). Nødløsninger med langtidsvirkninger? Artisters og konsertarrangørers erfaringer med strømmekonserter.
  • Kjus, Yngvar & Spilker, Hendrik Storstein (2020). Lyden av digitalisering: Preludium om musikk og medier. Norsk Medietidsskrift. ISSN 0804-8452. 27(3), p. 1–10.
  • Spilker, Hendrik Storstein; Kjus, Yngvar & Kiberg, Håvard (2020). Nødløsninger med langtidsvirkninger? Artisters og konsertarrangørers erfaringer med direktestrømmete "koronakonserter".
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). TikTok som maktfaktor i musikkbransjen. [Radio]. Studio 2, NRK P2.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Spotifys makt vokser i takt med nye lyttevaner. [Internet]. UiO: Det Humanistiske Fakultet.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Hvilken musikk hører vi på i karantene? [Radio]. NRK P2.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Norske artister bruker TikTok for å spre musikken sin. [Radio]. NRK P1, Dagens .
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). De som får folk til å danse sammen. [Internet]. ballade.no.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Derfor kommer ny musikk i mye større grad som enkeltsingler. [Internet]. nrk.no.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Artister slipper låter i forkant av album. [Radio]. Nyhetsmorgen, P2.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Festivalsjef: – Strømmekonsertene er kommet for å bli . [Newspaper]. Aftenposten.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Krise og kreativitet - musikkbransjen og koronapandemien 2020 .
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Strømmetjenestene former hvordan musikk slippes. [TV]. Dagsrevyen, NRK1.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Bylarm: Å utvikle en artistkarriere i en digital økonomi.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Norske musikkforlag: Muligheter og utfordringer.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Spotifys makt vokser i takt med nye lyttevaner . [Internet]. forskning.no.
  • Kjus, Yngvar & Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Music on (and in) demand: Negotiating and competing in streaming.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Krise i musikkbransjen. [Business/trade/industry journal]. musikknyheter.no.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Topper lister: - Helt vilt Norske Delara rager på hitlistene i Tyskland, Sveits og Østerrike. [Newspaper]. Dagbladet.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund; Heian, Mari Torvik; Jacobsen, Roy Aulie & Kleppe, Bård (2020). Norsk musikkbransje – digitale pionerer i ambivalens. ballade.no.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Ny rapport: - Digitaliseringen i musikkbransjen må profesjonaliseres. [Internet]. KulturPlot.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Det store skillet mellom digitale vinnere og tapere. [Internet]. ballade.no.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). – Vi kunne vært verdensledende . [Internet]. ballade.no.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Hva gjør musikere når de ikke kan spille konserter? [Internet]. UiO: Det humanistiske fakultet. Sosiel medier.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). DDE med direktestrøyma julemusikal. [TV]. Dagsrevyen, NRK1.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2020). Kan datamaskiner lage hitmusikk? . [TV]. NRK Nyhetsmorgen.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Taylor Swift og musikklansering på Instagram. [Radio]. NRK, P2.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Facing the global music industry: Norwegian responses to the digitalisation of the music industry.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). En lesning av Engasjement og arrangement: Ei utgreiing om konsertarrangørar.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Musikkbransjen er ikke så digital som vi tror. Dagens næringsliv. ISSN 0803-9372. 109(109), p. 31–31.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Hva betyr digitaliseringen for norsk musikkeksport? [Internet]. Ballade.no.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Anja Nylund Hagen om musikkeksport. [Radio]. Søndagsåpent, NRK P1.
  • Kjus, Yngvar & Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Musikkbransjen i strømmetiden.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Norsk musikk i internasjonale markeder.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Norsk musikk og globale selskaper.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Digitalisering som utfordring for kulturindustriene .
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Hva definerer musikken på 2010-tallet? [Radio]. NRK, P2.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Norsk musikkbransje og eksport.
  • Maasø, Arnt (2019). Streaming platforms and research in the Nordics.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Norsk musikk i internasjonale markeder. Frokostseminar, Kulturdepartementet: Musikkeksport .
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Superstar economy and the digitalised music industry .
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Napster. Store Norske Leksikon (Nettutgaven).
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Spotify. Store Norske Leksikon (Nettutgaven).
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Music streaming and data literacy.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Bokomtale: Engasjement og arrangement - ei utgreiing om konsertarrangørar. Musikkmagasinet Ballade. ISSN 0805-5041.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Thomas Hayes har signert med Sony, skal gi ut musikk. [Newspaper]. Aftenposten.
  • Maasø, Arnt (2019). How the revenue share model of music streaming services made Spotify’s ‘clickfarms’ scandals, ‘playlist payola’ and Tidal’s streaming scams possible, and how it can be fixed.
  • Kjus, Yngvar & Brøvig-Hanssen, Ragnhild (2019). Med opphavsrett på studieplanen. [Business/trade/industry journal]. Ballade.no.
  • Kjus, Yngvar; Brøvig-Hanssen, Ragnhild; Askerøi, Eirik; Hartung, Mike; Wergeland Juell, Magnus & Karoliussen, Sara (2019). Musikkprodusentens rolle.
  • Kjus, Yngvar (2019). Is streaming streamlining copyright in music? .
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund; Sandvik, Eystein; Witek, Julia; Nedrelid, Alma & Hovland, Torkjell (2019). Å bygge en karriere i musikklivet.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). strømmetjenester. Store Norske Leksikon (Nettutgaven).
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2019). Tidal. Store Norske Leksikon (Nettutgaven).
  • Kjus, Yngvar (2018). Musical negotiations: How singer-songwriters relate to economy and copyright in digital times.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2018). Norwegian music industry as global and digital media industry.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2018). Changing practices in a globalised and digitalised music industry.
  • Kjus, Yngvar (2018). Music on demand: Economy and copyright in a digitised cultural sector.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2018). Competing with music in national and global markets.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund & Kjus, Yngvar (2018). How to make money in music in the digital age? .
  • Maasø, Arnt (2018). How streaming scandals are made possible by the revenue model, and how business model innovations could bring back trust and transparency.
  • Kjus, Yngvar (2018). How to make money in music in the digital age?
  • Kjus, Yngvar (2018). Negotiating streaming rights: A study of the contracts and negotiations underlying the music streaming economy .
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund (2018). Industry in change: cultural labour in a globalised and digitalised music industry.
  • Kjus, Yngvar (2018). The use of copyright in digital times: A study of how singer-songwriters exercise their rights in evolving music markets.
  • Kjus, Yngvar (2017). Dur eller moll for norsk musikk? Dagens næringsliv. ISSN 0803-9372.
  • Hagen, Anja Nylund; Heian, Mari Torvik; Jacobsen, Roy Aulie & Kleppe, Bård (2020). Digital ambivalens. Norsk musikk i internasjonale markeder. Universitetet i Oslo, Telemarksforsking. ISSN 978-82-336-0342-7.
  • Gran, Anne-Britt; Linn-Birgit, Kampen Kristensen; Molde, Audun; Hagen, Anja Nylund & Booth, Peter (2020). Krise og kreativitet i musikkbransjen – koronapandemien 2020. BI Centre for Creative Industries.

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Published June 13, 2017 1:52 PM - Last modified Oct. 20, 2020 3:41 PM