Data-Mining the Digital Bookshelf
Data-mining the Digital Bookshelf is the first systematic attempt to utilize data-mining methods on a large scale within humanities research in Norway, applying them to discourses on race, class, religion and gender.
Illustration from Terje Vigen.
About the project
The project aims to explore how literary culture informs and to a certain extent determines public discourses more broadly, and conversely how public discourse can shape literary culture. In this way, the project has the potential to rewrite and change our understanding of Norwegian literary history.
Our primary hypothesis is that many of the conclusions that have been drawn by earlier scholars of Norwegian literary history are misleading or false because they are not properly grounded in empirical data and are influenced by an ideologically-driven desire to represent Norway as homogenous, peaceful, liberal and democratic. The research group has identified a series of these conclusions that they find to be particularly problematic because they have been reproduced without proper critical examination, both within educational institutions and in literary histories.
The writing of Norwegian literary history has, at least since Olaf Hansen’s Norsk litteraturhistorie (1862), been harnessed for nationalistic purposes, yet the ways in which minority groups have been portrayed or excluded both by literary authors and by the literary historians who analyzed and disseminated this literature has not yet been systematically examined. Nor is the exclusion of women, the lower classes, and religious minorities sufficiently understood.
What we do know about the writing of Norwegian literary history suggests a disturbing level of discrimination and racism that appear to be a central part of the field’s own history.
The project is divided into two main work packages, "Minority Discourses" and "Popular Discourses". Two doctoral research fellowships are connected to the project, one for each of the two topics.
The project is funded by the Research Council of Norway.
The project is carried out in cooperation with the Norwegian National Library, which has digitized virtually all published texts from the nineteenth century in an interface called Bokhylla ("the bookshelf").