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Superlingvistikk

Om gruppa

I senere år har vi sett veksten av noe vi kan kalle ‘superlingvistikk’ (der vi bruker termen ‘super’ i sin originale latinske betydning ‘forbi/over’, som i engelsk ‘supersonic’ ‘overlyds’). Vi (Philippe Schlenker & Pritty Patel-Grosz) definerer dette som anvendelse av formell lingvistisk metodologi og metodologi som er inspirert av formell lingvistikk (særlig fra syntaktisk, semantisk og fonologisk perspektiv) på diverse ikke-standard ting.

Gjennom årene har forskere forsøkt å anvende nevnt metodologi på gester (Giorgolo 2010, Ebert and Ebert 2014, Tieu et al. 2017, Tieu et al. to appear, Schlenker 2018), musikk (Lerdahl and Jackendoff 1983, Rohrmeier 2011, Katz and Pesetsky 2011, Katz 2017, Schlenker 2017), dans (Napoli & Kraus 2015, Charnavel 2016, Patel-Grosz et al. 2018), ikke-verbal billedlige representasjoner (Greenberg 2011, Abusch 2015), dyrelyder (Fitch and Hauser 2004, Yip 2006, Berwick et al. 2011, Schlenker et al. 2016), og til og med systemer som ikke har åpenbar syntaks (Piantadosi et al. 2010, Koralus and Mascarenhas 2013).

Den slags nye forskning bygger på syntesen fra to synspunkt som moderne formell lingvistikk oppstod ifra: naturlige språk (og derav de ovennevnte forskningsobjektene) kan analyseres både som formelle språk med eksplisitt syntaks og semantikk (e.g., Chomsky 1957, Montague 1970); og som kognitive systemer som er mottagelige for metodene som inngår i eksperimentell psykologi (see Rebuschat et al. 2011).

Referanser

Abusch, Dorit. (2015). Possible worlds semantics for pictures. Manuscript, December 2015, Cornell University. [http://hdl.handle.net/1813/44654]

Berwick, Robert C., Kazuo Okanoya, Gabriel J. L. Beckers, and Johan J. Bolhuis. (2011). Songs to syntax: the linguistics of birdsong. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15, 113-121.

Charnavel, Isabelle. (2016). Steps towards a Generative Theory of Dance Cognition. Manuscript, June 2016, Harvard University. [http://ling.auf.net/lingbuzz/003137]

Ebert, Cornelia and Christian Ebert. (2014), Gestures, Demonstratives, and the Attributive/Referential Distinction. Handout of a talk given at Semantics and Philosophy in Europe (SPE 7), Berlin, June 28, 2014.

Fitch, W. Tecumseh, and Marc D. Hauser. (2004). Computational constraints on syntactic processing in a nonhuman primate. Science 303, 377-380.

Giorgolo, Gianluca. (2010). Space and Time in Our Hands. PhD Dissertation, Utrecht University.

Greenberg, Gabriel. (2011). The semiotic spectrum. PhD dissertation, Dept. of Philosophy, Rutgers University.

Katz, Jonah, and David Pesetsky. (2011). The Identity Thesis for Language and Music. Manuscript, January 2011, Institut Jean Nicod / MIT. [http://ling.auf.net/lingbuzz/000959]

Katz, Jonah. (2017). Harmonic syntax of the 12-bar blues: a corpus study. Music Perception 35, 165-192.

Lerdahl, Fred, and Ray Jackendoff. (1983). A generative theory of tonal music. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Koralus, Philipp, and Mascarenhas, Salvador. (2013). The Erotetic Theory of Reasoning: Bridges Between Formal Semantics and the Psychology of Deductive Inference. Philosophical Perspectives 27, 312-365. [doi:10.1111/phpe.12029]

Piantadosi, Steven T., Joshua B. Tenenbaum, and Noah D. Goodman. (2010). Beyond boolean logic: exploring representation languages for learning complex concepts. In Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 859-864.

Patel-Grosz, Pritty, Patrick Georg Grosz, Tejaswinee Kelkar, and Alexander Refsum Jensenius. (2018). Coreference and disjoint reference in the semantics of narrative dance. Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 22.

Rebuschat, Patrick, Martin Rohrmeier, John A. Hawkins, and Ian Cross (eds.). (2011). Language and Music as Cognitive Systems. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rohrmeier, Martin. (2011). Towards a generative syntax of tonal harmony. Journal of Mathematics and Music 5, 35-53.

Schlenker, Philippe. (2018). Gesture Projection and Cosuppositions. Linguistics & Philosophy 41, 3:295–365.

Schlenker, Philippe. (2017). Outline of Music Semantics. Music Perception: An Interdisciplinary Journal 35, 3-37. [doi:10.1525/mp.2017.35.1.3]

Schlenker, Philippe, Emmanuel Chemla, Anne Schel, James Fuller, Jean-Pierre Gautier, Jeremy Kuhn, Dunja Veselinovic, Kate Arnold, Cristiane Cäsar, Sumir Keenan, Alban Lemasson, Karim Ouattara, Robin Ryder, Klaus Zuberbühler. (2016). Formal Monkey Linguistics. Theoretical Linguistics 42, 1-90. [doi:10.1515/tl-2016-0001]

Tieu, Lyn, Robert Pasternak, Philippe Schlenker, Emmanuel Chemla. (2017). Co-speech gesture projection: Evidence from truth-value judgment and picture selection tasks. Glossa 2(1).

Tieu, Lyn, Robert Pasternak, Philippe Schlenker, Emmanuel Chemla. (to appear). Co-speech gesture projection: Evidence from inferential judgments. Glossa.

Yip, Moira. (2006). The search for phonology in other species. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10, 442-445.

Publisert 19. sep. 2018 12:40 - Sist endret 19. sep. 2018 12:58